BEHS 380 Coping with Death and Models of Care

BEHS 380 Coping with Death and Models of Care

BEHS 380 Coping with Death and Models of Care

Death is an inevitable universal eventuality of all humankind that marks the end of an individual’s mortal lifespan. Perceptions about death and dying significantly vary depending on several factors such as culture, religion, personality, vocation, and age (Kahraman et al., 2022). There is generally a negative attitude towards old age and consequential death among young individuals which are perceived as obstacles to achieving their goals and purpose in life (Kahraman et al., 2022). This may result in a lack of preparedness, especially in the event of unexpected death. Elderly individuals are more likely to accept or want death for various reasons such as longstanding suffering from declining health and chronic diseases and fulfilling life goals. Targeted strategies should be adopted in death education to target the concerns at different ages to improve the quality of death.

Hospice and palliative care play a fundamental role in end-of-life care and the care of individuals with debilitating medical conditions. There has been notable evolution with a patient-centered approach that conforms to patient values and preferences being adopted. This ensures patient satisfaction through the address of not only physical needs but also other patient needs such as psychosocial, cultural, and religious needs (Teoli et al., 2022). The role of hospice and palliative care includes the optimization of the quality of care and minimization of suffering through adequate pain and symptomatic control (Teoli et alm, 2022). This requires collaborative efforts among patients, their families, caregivers, and the healthcare team.

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Informal caregivers play an integral role in the provision of culturally and diversity competent end-of-life care. Their

BEHS 380 Coping with Death and Models of Care
BEHS 380 Coping with Death and Models of Care

responsibilities include addressing the patient’s physical needs such as feeding and bathing, taking them to medical appointments, ensuring continuity of care through treatment administration and monitoring, and financial, emotional, and spiritual assistance among others (Sherman, 2019). Caregiving can be associated with risks such as emotional stress, fear, anger, depression, and physical exhaustion (Sherman, 2019). The needs of caregivers should not be overlooked to protect their well-being. Another key consideration in end-of-life care is optimizing discussions regarding death and dying for patients to accept their critical situation and appreciate their remaining time while maintaining hope.

References

Kahraman, S., & Erkent, D. (2022). The mediator role of attitude towards aging and elderliness in the effect of the meaning and purpose of life on Death anxiety. Current Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-022-03087-x

Sherman. (2019). A review of the complex role of family caregivers as health team members and second-order patients. Healthcare, 7(2), 63. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare7020063

Teoli, D., & Kalish, V. B. (2022). Palliative Care. In StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing.