ENGL 220 Written Communication for Nurses

ENGL 220 Written Communication for Nurses

ENGL 220 Written Communication for Nurses

Unit 3 Assignment: Research and Credibility

Communication skills, especially written communication, are very critical for nurses as they help in communicating new evidence and best practice interventions in healthcare settings. Nurses also conduct research using existing literature and gather information based on evidence to offer quality care. Communicating effectively about these aspects requires nurses to have literacy skills in locating, analyzing, and applying evidence. They should also understand that research helps in development of critical thinking aspects to impact professional need and health care consumers. In this unit, the paper explores the use of research skills by identifying a topic and seeking articles as well as formulating them based on APA guidelines. The paper also discusses the importance of research and credibility for nurses in healthcare settings.

Section 1: Four References and Summaries

Topic: Nurse Burnout in Health Facilities

Article 1:

Jun, J., Ojemeni, M. M., Kalamani, R., Tong, J., & Crecelius, M. L. (2021). Relationship

between nurse burnout, patient and organizational outcomes: systematic review. International journal of nursing studies, 119, 103933. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2021.103933.

In this article, the authors conduct a systematic critical appraisal of existing literature on the association between nurse burnout, patient and organizational outcomes. The authors assert that organizational outcomes include patient safety, quality of care, commitment by nurses to the organization, nurse’s productivity and patient satisfaction. The article is categorical that burnout lads to poor patient safety and quality of care, a decline in patients’ satisfaction and reduced productivity and commitment to the organization.

Article 2:

De Oliveira, S. M., de Alcantara Sousa, L. V., Gadelha, M. D. S. V., & do Nascimento, V. B.

(2019). Prevention actions of burnout syndrome in nurses: an integrating literature review. Clinical practice and epidemiology in mental health: CP & EMH, 15:64-73. DOI: 10.2174/1745017901915010064

In this integrative review of literature, the authors identify strategies that hospitals and their management can use to prevent burnout syndrome among nurses. The article also discusses the outcomes of future interventions that can reduce burnout among these professionals. The article identifies individual, group and organizations actions that can lead to burnout prevention.

Article 3:

Aryankhesal, A., Mohammadibakhsh, R., Hamidi, Y., Alidoost, S., Behzadifar, M., Sohrabi, R.,

& Farhadi, Z. (2019). Interventions on reducing burnout in physicians and nurses: A systematic review. Medical journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 33, 77. DOI: 10.34171/mjiri.33.77

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The purpose of this article is to offer a more comprehensive approach to interventions that can reduce burnout among healthcare providers; physicians and nurses. The article identifies team-based programs, effective coping and communication skills training, and EMH-approach. The article also notes that many interventions used in reducing burnout can also enhance communication skills, teamwork, participatory programs and even psychological interventions.

Article 4:

Dall’Ora, C., Ball, J., Reinius, M., & Griffiths, P. (2020). Burnout in nursing: a theoretical

review. Human resources for health, 18(1), 1-17. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12960-020-00469-9

In this article, the authors aim was to offer a comprehensive summary of research examining theorized interaction

ENGL 220 Written Communication for Nurses
ENGL 220 Written Communication for Nurses

and association between burnout and other aspects to determine what is known and what is unknown concerning the causes and effects of burnout in nursing, and their relationship to burnout theoretical perspectives. The article identifies adverse job features like high workload, low staffing levels and long shifts as well as limited control as associated with burnout among nurses

Section 2: Statement on Importance of Research and Credibility in Nursing

Research is an essential component in nursing and allows nurses to hone different and diverse skills. Success in research comes from a recursive approach to questions with an iterative refinement founded on constant reflection and revision. As such, critical thinking skills in research are important, without which researchers may lack the confidence and credibility to challenge their assumptions. Critical thinking implores nurses to look at the bigger picture and not just the details alone (Jimenez et al., 2021). Details may offer pieces of a puzzle but effective reflection and analysis provide much clearer perception of the phenomenon under review or investigation. This allows nurses in research to make effective decisions and choices to enhance their delivery of quality care.

Research helps nurses to nurture their critical thinking abilities concerning issues that influence the profession and patient needs in different care settings by adding more knowledge, skills, and perspectives. Nurses grow through increased research and learning. For instance, the increased use of evidence-based practice (EBP) interventions in healthcare is a product of research to get better ways to improve patient care by nurses. Research provides an avenue for nurses to share experience and helps others to learn better ways to offer quality care.

Changes in nursing and the healthcare sector in general emanate from a host of research studies advanced by nurses and other professionals. Research improves one’s credibility in the profession and how they articulate their views and nursing perspectives. Consumers benefit when nurses can better advocate for their patients because of leveraging evidence from research. Getting experience through research allows nurses to generate solutions to a host of problems that face healthcare provision, especially the need to enhance quality, reduce costs, and improve overall accessibility to care.


Communication skills allow nurses to pass on evidence to patients and colleagues on a host of issues that impact care quality. This paper demonstrates that nurses can leverage their research skills to enhance their credibility and ability to offer quality care. The paper also shows the increased role played by nurses in research findings to improve accessibility to care.


Jimenez, J. M., Lopez, M., Castro, M. J., Martin-Gil, B., Cao, M. J., & Fernandez-Castro, M.

(2021). Development of critical thinking skills of undergraduate students throughout the 4 years of nursing degree at a public university in Spain: a descriptive study. BMJ open, 11(10), e049950. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2021-049950

Shirazi, F., & Heidari, S. (2019). The relationship between critical thinking skills and learning

styles and academic achievement of nursing students. The Journal of Nursing Research, 27(4), e38. doi: 10.1097/jnr.0000000000000307