HCA 205 Revolutionary Influences

HCA 205 Revolutionary Influences

HCA 205 Revolutionary Influences

One thing that had an influencing factor was Penicillian, which was discovered Penicillin was discovered in 1928 (our timeline say the 1920’s) by Scottish scientist Alexander Fleming. Unforntley was not used until 1942 to treat infections (our timeline say’s 1940’s). In World War One soldiers often died due to infection from mud and filth trenches, and surgeons not sterilize equipment. There were 2 million deaths and 6 million people went missing during the war and were presumed dead. Thankful  In 1943 the US War Production Board came up with a plan for the mass distribution of penicillin to Allied troops fighting in Europe. By 1944, the US had produced 2.3 million doses and the medicine is credited with saving an estimated 12 to 15 percent of
casualties. This sentence came from this story I found very touching https://ww2technology.weebly.com/penicillin.htmlLinks to an external site.. Penicillian was used to treat mean illiness that were consired to have a high mortialty rate. After the penicillian the mortialty rate dropped!

Reference:

https://www.slideshare.net/seetaram443/penicillins-53561419Links to an external site.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PenicillinLinks to an external site.

https://slideplayer.com/slide/8448110/Links to an external site.

https://www.historyonthenet.com/how-many-people-died-in-ww1/Links to an external site.

https://ww2technology.weebly.com/penicillin.htmlLinks to an external site.

The influencing timeline I am going to discuss is the funding of the American Medical Association. Before the existence of AMA, medicine in the U.S. had basically almost no rules. Doctors had almost no rules and regulations on how to perform their jobs until 1847 when the AMA was founded with the goal of protecting the interest of American physicians, promoting public health, and supporting the growth of medical science.

The AMA has impacted the system in different ways; first of all, it set a standard for the medical education in the United States and established some rules and regulations in the health care system. Because of the AMA, doctors started to understand that everyone has to perform only within his scoop of practice otherwise, there will be some consequences.

I think the AMA transformed the system by establishing board exams with the goal to eliminate medical malpractice and educate people about the different risks caused by medical malpractices. The goal of AMA here is to make sure that everyone living in the United States and that goes to the hospital without worrying about the possibilities of being a victim of a medical error. So, everyone (Physicians and patients) benefits from this change initiated by the AMA. The  AMA also changed the system by influencing the legislation for the benefit of providers by raising their salaries and by helping patients get access to affordable health care. The AMA also helps medical schools and students by providing them with the necessary tools to continue researches and to meet the medical standard needed to become a physician.

Reference:

Batnitzky, A., Hayes, D., & Vinall, P.E. (2018). The U.S. healthcare system: An introduction [Electronic version]. Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu/Links to an external site.

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The AMA definitely changed the role of medical professionals by setting standards and regulations for practicing

HCA 205 Revolutionary Influences
HCA 205 Revolutionary Influences

medicine.  It affected patients by providing the basis for better medical care, and a reassurance that the doctor you were seeing was a properly trained and credentialed provider being monitored by the AMA.  With the AMA upholding standards and aiding in the affordable access to healthcare,  families would usually find a family doctor and stay with him/her for life, which helps with providing quality care because they have total access to medical history.

I found it interesting that in 1968 even AMA was expressing the need to increase the number of African American Physician. This issue of admitting Negro physicians to the AMA first arose in 1868 in the aftermath of the Civil War, this led to the formation of  National Medical Association. This was for Black physicians to have their own lesser-known group but still not allowed to practice in some hospital. This led to things like Dr. Annis who delivering a presidential speech, be met on the steps by an AMA member who was an African American from NY and handed a letter demanding they remove all racial barriers to memberships. This African American then joined the protest on the sidewalk, these scenes of public protest and picketing continued until 1968 when the A.M.A. finally amended its constitution and bylaws to punish racial discrimination by permitting the expulsion of constituent societies.

Reference:

https://www.ama-assn.org/sites/default/files/media-browser/public/ama-history/ama-nma-past-present-future_0.pdfLinks to an external site.

https://journalofethics.ama-assn.org/article/american-medical-association-and-race/2014-06Links to an external site.

https://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/29/health/views/29essa.htmlLinks to an external site.

The Joint Commission (TJC) was founded in 1951 as an independent, not-for-profit organization. TJC was formally known as, The Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO). It was established to improve the quality of healthcare practices and enforce safety standards among physicians, specialists, clinicians, administrators, etc.

“Joint Commission accreditation can be earned by many types of healthcare organizations, including hospitals, doctor’s offices, nursing homes, office-based surgical centers, behavioral health treatment facilities, and providers of home care services.”

TJC regulations are either created and amended by obtaining constructive input given to this organization by healthcare professionals, medical providers and governmental agencies, to name a few. Like how bill becomes a Congressional law, any drafts drawn up must have a positive reflection to continuously strive for health improvements in both practices and safety.

I believe TJC has benefited the healthcare industry over the last 50 years. Periodical audits are conducted by TJC, by visiting any healthcare facility or clinic to ensure all standards are being put into daily practice. TLC enforces the misuse of abbreviations, acronyms or symbols within medical records, which could lead to serious consequences if interpreted incorrectly. All information being collected by this organization is utilized for promoting education, guidelines and advocacy thorough proven evidence from experts practicing in the medical field.

http://www.jointcommission.org/
https://www.jointcommission.org/facts_about_do_not_use_list/

Medicine was primitive in the United States during the colonial period. Advancement in technology has played a vital role in the evolution of healthcare. Through the internet, the healthcare facilities can reach a wider population including establishing contact with patients and creating public awareness (Blumenthal, Karen, and Stuart, 41). New machines and medicine have improved chances of recovery by providing a breakthrough to surgery and patient care. It has also led to detailed research in the field of medicine. Information technology has enhanced work efficiency in that the computers can now be used to store patients’ data as well as checking the correct treatment to be administered. The doctors, for instance, through emails, have found it easy to reach their colleagues for consultations without necessarily moving the patient. Moreover, through an online database, the doctors can predict the medical trends.

 

Blumenthal, David, Karen Davis, and Stuart Guterman. “Medicare at 50—origins and evolution.” (2015): 39-46.