NR 507 Reflection

NR 507 Reflection

NR 507 Reflection

I would like to start by saying this course has been very demanding yet, an enhancing course. The course needed prudent time management so as to complete assignments, readings, quizzes and exams. The advanced pathophysiology course has prepared me to function in an advanced practice role by offering a detailed understanding of the pathophysiological processes, allowing me to predict clinical symptoms, choose evaluative studies, begin appropriate treatments, and plan for possible complications (CCN, 2018).  Insights into the underlying disease process will enable the nurse practitioner for incorporation of current and groundbreaking interventions. Relevant screening and diagnostic testing approaches will also be incorporated.

 Program outcome

The MSN course program outcomes included delivering high standard, safe patient centered- care by forging a caring atmosphere and taking part in long lasting personal and professional development and advocating for positive health outcomes in virtue of evidenced-based synergetic advanced nursing practice (CCN, 2018). Course outcomes require exploring pathophysiology processes, investigating the approach in which homeostatic, adaptive and compensative physiologic processes may be sustained or altered through specific interventions, risk factors, and approaches of diagnosis and therapy of health problems in chosen populations and analogous research conclusions to management of patients with multifaceted pathophysiologic dysfunction (CCN, 2018). The course outcomes allow the advance practice nurse to utilize pathophysiology to support clinical decision making concerning diagnosis and therapy of acute and chronic presentations frequently managed by nurse practitioners (CCN, 2018).

MSN Essential

Essential IV: Interpreting and incorporating scholarship into practice (AACN, 2011). The master’s prepared nurse should apply research findings within the practice environment, solve issues, work as a change advocate and promulgates results (AACN, 2011). The case study assignments we did in this class allowed me to employ evidence, clinical discernment and interpreting methods to enhance related outcomes for patient groups (AACN, 2011). The advanced practice nurse must be able to articulate to a diversity of audiences, the evidence-base for practice determinations, in addition to the reliability of sources of evidence and the pertinence to the practice problem encountered (AACN, 2011).

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Nurse Practitioner Competencies

Nurse practitioners have an extensive range of knowledge and expertise, which they bring into play in their

NR 507 Reflection
NR 507 Reflection

appraisals and decision making to begin application of interventions to patients (Stanford, 2016). Their work is all evidence-based (Stanford, 2016). Competencies may be seen as a mixture of practical and academic knowledge that enhances performance or the capability to carry out a specific role (Stanford, 2016).  The word advance practice is suggestive and oftentimes conferred in the context of a degree of practice with autonomy supported through skillful knowledge basis and clinical expertise through expanded and extended roles (Stanford, 2016). As advanced practice nurses we should utilize information in this course and use this information to evaluate patients, make diagnosis, order and translate diagnostic exams and conduct treatment plans in addition to prescribing medications as learnt from this course.

References

American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2011).The essentials of master’s education in nursing. Retrieved from. www.aacnnursing.org/Portals/42/Publications/MastersEssentials11.pdf (Links to an external site.)

Chamberlain College of Nursing. (2018). NR-507-62413.  Program outcomes [Online lesson] Downers Grove, IL: DeVry Education Group.

Stanford, P. E. (2016). How can a competency framework for advanced practice support care? .British Journal Of Nursing, 25(20), 1117-1122.

I can truly say this class has challenged me over the past eight weeks to become a more effective nurse and a better student.

Program Outcome #1: Provide high quality, safe, patient-centered care grounded in holistic health principles. (holistic health & patient-centered care)

I have learned numerous ways to provide quality, patient centered care based in holistic health principles through the Grand Rounds sessions. These presentations consist of discussing medical problems and treatment methods that benefit the patient on a holistic level. In particular, the Grand Rounds session, “Hypothyroidism,” was extremely helpful in providing information for my week 6 PowerPoint presentation on hypothyroidism. The American Thyroid Association 2017 Pregnancy Guidelines compared to the 2011 Guidelines were noted in the presentation. The presentation made specific mention to the management of hypothyroidism during pregnancy and included recommendations regarding the interpretation of hypothyroidism tests during pregnancy, iodine nutrition, thyroid autoantibodies, complications during delivery, lactation concerns, and fetal and neonatal considerations to include thyrotoxicosis in pregnancy.

Through the weekly readings, I have augmented my understanding of evidence-based research and how it shapes and determines cost-effective and sustainable evidence-based outcomes that promote constructive behavioral changes in high-risk patient populations. The Week 4 reading lesson “Alterations in Renal Function” included information about disease causation. While I knew that urinary calculi (stones) are a common cause of functional urinary obstruction, I learned obstructions must be addressed quickly to prevent backflow of urine into the kidney before the condition results in permanent renal dysfunction. I can discuss with patients who have stones or are at risk for stones the best ways change their diet to balance their urine pH levels since the pH of the urine increases the likelihood of stone formation. I learned a good prevention or screening method is to teach patients the ideal pH levels for urine and what tests they can take to test the pH of their urine and saliva. Low pH increases one’s risk of developing uric acid stones and a high pH increases one’s risk of developing calcium phosphate stones. One of the goals of holistic care is to help patients understand the underlying cause (s) for their diseases and how this plays a role in how diseases are diagnosed and treated. In terms of providing evidence-based holistic care, I have learned that before I apply an intervention, I must decide if it should be directed at the person, agent, or environment. This leads to better patient outcomes and more effective nursing practices.

MSN Essential I: Background for Practice from Sciences and Humanities:

Throughout my graduate course studies, I have learned the importance of integrating scientific findings from various fields of nursing in my writings and in my practice. Healthcare research constantly generates large amounts of results regarding revised treatment methods for nurses and care management for patients. The lessons reiterate that if implemented in practice, scientific findings can help save lives and improve patients’ recovery times and quality of life. For example, the consideration of how culture affects one’s access to and acceptance of healthcare initiatives teaches me that nurses must carefully and thoughtfully analyze sociodemographic trends if they want to make an effective impact on culturally diverse patient populations. Reversing negative health outcomes for vulnerable populations begins with studying scientific findings appropriate to culturally diverse groups and taking the responsibility to acquire cultural competency skills. The weekly discussion posts helped to hone my skills in integrating and applying scientific medical findings. For example, when we learned about cystic fibrosis (CF) in Week 2, I learned the CDC estimates more than 10 million Americans are carriers of a faulty CF gene, but have no idea they are carriers (NCBI & NHLBI, 2018). Cystic fibrosis affects males and females from all racial and ethnic groups; however, the disease is most common among Caucasians, Latinos, and Pueblo and Zuni American Indians (NCBI & NHLBI, 2018). With this information, I can encourage my patients in their childbearing years who fall under the at-risk population category to get screened for the CF gene if they plan on having children.

Nurse Practitioner Core Competencies # 1 Scientific Foundation Competencies

I have demonstrated my competency in analyzing, integrating, translating, and developing my understanding of scientific foundation competencies through the papers, weekly discussionsand presentations required in this class. One type of assignment in particular stands-out to me. The weekly faculty question required us to present evidence-based methods to the class and interpret the research question, methodology, results, and conclusions from what we had read and link it to another adverse health condition. This taught me the importance of critically analyzing the information in the article and translating the research. I understand now that the faculty question was meant to teach me the etiology of increased risk to develop another disease or condition when a patient is already being treated for a specific condition or disease is multifactorial and connected to traditional and patient specific symptoms. Furthermore, when gathering the data and information for my Week 6 speech and PowerPoint presentation, I was able to integrate what I had learned about culture and disease progression to determine the best way to approach women who suffer from post-partum about hypothyroidism.

In conclusion, I believe I still need to work on developing new approaches to nursing practice regarding specific diseases and serving various patient populations. To do this not only takes confidence but knowledge and understanding. I will feel more confident about doing this after I graduate and have practiced as an FNP for a few years.

 

References

National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), & U.S. National Library of Medicine

(NLM). (2018). Cystic fibrosis (CF): Symptoms. Retrieved from PubMed Health website:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMHT0022783/ (Links to an external site.)

 

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). (2018). Cystic Fibrosis. Retrieved from https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/cystic-fibrosis (Links to an external site.)

 

Grand Rounds session. (August 2018). Hypothyroidism.