NRS 410 Describe some of the more common pathophysiological changes and abnormal findings associated with musculoskeletal, metabolic, and multisystem health dysfunctions

NRS 410 Describe some of the more common pathophysiological changes and abnormal findings associated with musculoskeletal, metabolic, and multisystem health dysfunctions

NRS 410 Describe some of the more common pathophysiological changes and abnormal findings associated with musculoskeletal, metabolic, and multisystem health dysfunctions

There are a number of pathophysiological findings and disorders associated with musculoskeletal, metabolism and multi system dysfunctions. For example, one common abnormal musculoskeletal finding is osteoarthritis. This is a degenerative condition where repetitious actions cause wear and tear on synovial joints, causing inflammation and pain (Falkner, 2018). Symptoms may include joint tenderness, pain and stiffness with use of the joints, and a more knobby appearance over time. This makes daily life for the patient significantly more difficult because of the pain and stiffness.

The metabolism is largely regulated by the endocrine system. Hormones released by the pancreas work to regulate blood sugar, when this is not functioning properly it can lead to conditions such as diabetes mellitus. Diabetes is one of the most prevalent disorders and involves abnormally high blood sugar levels due to the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the body is unable to use insulin effectively (Sapra, 2021). Hallmark symptoms of diabetes are increased thirst, frequent urination and fruity smelling breath. Living with diabetes can be challenging for patients because there is always risk of complication, hypoglycemia could occur or diabetic ketoacidosis (Sapra, 2021). It can be challenging to learn to manage diabetes, including how to check blood sugar levels, how to administer insulin if indicated, and how to alter their lifestyle to improve their health.

Finally, multi-system dysfunction can lead to very serious health conditions. When an infection spreads to the blood it causes a systemic inflammatory response and sepsis, which can quickly progress to septic shock if left untreated. Septic shock is a severe condition which causes the patient to rapidly deteriorate, leading to respiratory failure and multi organ dysfunction (Falkner, 2018). Symptoms of a multi system inflammatory response include fever, tachycardia, tachypnea or hypothermia. Symptoms of septic shock also include hypotension, change in mental status, dizziness, and oliguria (Falkner, 2018). When multi system dysfunction is involved, typically this will involve a long recovery for the patient after the initial infection and shock is treated.

References:

Falkner, A. (2018). Musculoskeletal, metabolism and multisystem complexities. https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs410v/pathophysiology-clinical-applications-for-client-health/v1.1/#/chapter/5

Sapra A. and Bhandari P. (2021). Diabetes Mellitus. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK551501/

Click here to ORDER an A++ paper from our Verified MASTERS and DOCTORATE WRITERS: NRS 410 Describe some of the more common pathophysiological changes and abnormal findings associated with musculoskeletal, metabolic, and multisystem health dysfunctions

Musculoskeletal, metabolic, and multisystem health dysfunctions represent one of the most challenging health conditions that may have a complex challenge to the affected patient (Beefcroft & Hough, 2016). Symptoms of these conditions may range in severity. Musculoskeletal complications can affect the muscle, bone, tendons and joints. A major symptom that patients encounter is pain. Conditions may range from the ones that are sudden and short-lived to the ones that are lifelong and are associated with disability as well as ongoing pain. Among the notable changes that a patient with this condition may experience include persistent pain as well as mobility limitations. In this, the patients who may suffer from the long-term condition may experience severe pain that may be related to the wearing out of the tendons. For some patients with complex conditions, they may experience joint deformity that may be a long term condition, and it may be relatively challenging to treat it. When these abnormal changes occur, the involved patient may find it hard to handle some of the changes in weight, thus affecting some parts of the body (Black, 2016). Although musculoskeletal conditions may arise in many forms as well as a result of different factors, there are many ways that the situation may represent itself. The identification of specific symptoms of the disorder plays an essential role in the development of an approach to assist in the management of the stated condition.

 

 

Beecroft, C., & Hough, M. (2016). Perioperative management of patients with musculoskeletal disease and for the burns patient. Surgery (Oxford), 348), 405-410.

Black, D. M., & Rosen, C. J. (2016). Postmenopausal osteoporosis. New England Journal of

Medicine, 374(3), 254-262

Pain is one of the physical symptoms that can be debilitating for these patients. With that being said, it is extremely

NRS 410 Describe some of the more common pathophysiological changes and abnormal findings associated with musculoskeletal, metabolic, and multisystem health dysfunctions
NRS 410 Describe some of the more common pathophysiological changes and abnormal findings associated with musculoskeletal, metabolic, and multisystem health dysfunctions

important for nurses to remember that pain can be not taken lightly. Although we do live in a time where some abuse pain medications, we have to remember that we never judge anyone for seeking pain relief. In some cultures, it is not customary to show any outward expression of pain. However, this does not mean that the patient is not in pain. On the other side of it, a patient can be extremely expressive of pain, which can be due to their low tolerance of pain compared to another person.

 

References

Grand Canyon University. (2018). Pathophysiology: Clinical applications for client health. Retrieved from https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs410v/pathophysiology-clinical-applications-for-client-health/v1.1/

Changes of the musculoskeletal system include a range of diseases and disorders. This system includes involuntary muscles and connective tissue. Connective tissue consists of bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and fascia (Falkner & Green, 2018). One of the main functions of the musculoskeletal system is body movement. One abnormality that would be associated with this system is osteoarthritis. This occurs when the wear and tear of the cartilage over time wears down. Joints in the hands, knees, spine, and hips are most likely to be affected (Mayo Clinic, 2020). Symptoms are progressive and worsen as time goes on. Pain during or after movement would be a symptom. Stiffness after periods of inactivity is also common. When light pressure is applied, the effected joint may feel tender. There may also be a loss of range of motion. Popping or crackling sensations may also be heard. Bone spurs and swelling may also be of concern with osteoarthritis. Daily tasks and activities become increasingly strenuous. Some people diagnosed with osteoarthritis become depressed due to this disability with sleep disturbances occurring.

 

Falkner, A., & Green, S. (2018). Pathophysiology Clinical Applications for Client Health. Lc.gcumedia.com. https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs410v/pathophysiology-clinical-applications-for-client-health/v1.1/#/chapter/5

Mayo Clinic. (2020, February 22). Osteoarthritis – Symptoms and causes. Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoarthritis/symptoms-causes/syc-20351925#:~:text=Osteoarthritis%20is%20the%20most%20common

I agree with your post. It’s most important to realize how common may these conditions of the musculoskeletal system are in todays society, millions of individuals suffer from these conditions. For example osteoporosis, a medical condition in which the bones become brittle and fragile from loss of tissue, typically as a result of hormonal changes, or deficiency of calcium or vitamin D, side effects directly impacts an individual ability to function on a daily basis. Activities of daily living such as brushing your teeth, bathing, dressing and feeding ones self can become a difficult task to accomplish(Falkner & Green, 2018). This condition can affect the activities of family members at home, team-members of work, and classmates at school. In other words this condition affects every aspect of one’s life. Many members of society has been diagnosed as disabled and are no longer able to operate in full capacity causing them to be removed from the workforce. Disability  has a major impact upon Social Security Administration, and how those affected by this condition is managed by Medicaid and Medicare.

 

Reference

 

Falkner, A. & Green, S. Z. (2018). Pathophysiology: Clinical applications for client health. https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs410v/pathophysiology-clinical-applications-for-client-health/v1.1/

One of the more prevalent problems of the musculoskeletal system include osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis (OA) also known as degenerative joint disease (DJD) is a result of the wear and tear of synovial joints due to repetitive movements (Falkner & Green, 2018). This causes degeneration of cartilage at the joint junction (Falkner & Green, 2018). Some of the signs and symptoms patients can experience include pain, swelling, redness and inflammation at the joint site (Falkner & Green, 2018).

A multi system dysfunction includes that of Rheumatoid Arthritis. In a normal healthy individual their immune system works to protect its body functions. In rheumatoid arthritis an overactive immune system attacks health tissue such as synovial joints (Falkner & Green, 2018). Patients experience pain and the destruction of the healthy tissue leads to deformity and loss of function of the joints (Falkner & Green, 2018).

Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) is a metabolic dysfunction that arrises when the body is consistently in a hyperglycemia state, usually occurs in patients who suffer from diabetes type 1 (Falkner & Green, 2018). Symptoms of DKA include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dehydration, frequent urination, excessive thirst, hypotension, coma and even death (Falkner & Green, 2018). Some objective findings of DKA will include a blood glucose level of greater than 250, arterial pH of less than 7.3 and serum bicarbonate less than 15 mEq/l.

All of these conditions can affect patients daily activities. Conditions such as Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis can cause pain and discomfort limiting patents to simple tasks such as cooking or bathing. DKA can impact pattens life as they may have issues balancing their nutrition and medications.

Falkner, A. & Green, S. Z. (2018). Pathophysiology: Clinical applications for client health. https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs410v/pathophysiology-clinical-applications-for-client-health/v1.1/