NRS 428 Watch the “Diary of Medical Mission Trip” videos dealing with the catastrophic earthquake in Haiti in 2010

NRS 428 Watch the “Diary of Medical Mission Trip” videos dealing with the catastrophic earthquake in Haiti in 2010

NRS 428 Watch the “Diary of Medical Mission Trip” videos dealing with the catastrophic earthquake in Haiti in 2010

Natural disasters can have significant implications for the welfare of the community. The impacts range from health to social and economic problems. Nurses are essential in helping communities as they navigate through the impacts of the disaster. One of the interventions can be psychological and psychosocial support provided to the patients which are critical for effective post-disaster management (Te Brake et al., 2022). The type of tertiary intervention is important in helping the community come to terms with the losses that they have had to incur. Disasters often lead to the loss of loved ones, economic activities, and jobs as well as some health impacts such as disability. It can be challenging for some community members to come to terms with these losses which might take a toll on their psychological as well as physical health. Some community members may suffer from a post-traumatic stress disorder and having challenges sleeping. Mental health challenges are among the common outcome of community disasters (Lee et al., 2020). As a community health nurse, one can work with various agencies such as religious institutions in helping provide the support needed. A helpline can also be set up that can help in providing the support that is needed by the community to overcome the challenge. School guidance counselors also play a role and can help the students overcome the impacts of the disaster.

References

Lee, J. Y., Kim, S. W., & Kim, J. M. (2020). The impact of community disaster trauma: A focus on emerging research of PTSD and other mental health outcomes. Chonnam Medical Journal56(2), 99. https://doi.ord/10.4068/cmj.2020.56.2.99

Te Brake, H., Willems, A., Steen, C., & Dückers, M. (2022). Appraising Evidence-Based Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) Guidelines—PART I: A Systematic Review on Methodological Quality Using AGREE-HS. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health19(5), 3107. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19053107

The earthquake that affected Haiti had catastrophic outcomes, with many losing everything they owned and their loved ones. According to (ShelterBox, 2010), 250,000 lives were lost, 1.5 million people were forced to live in makeshift camps, and a serious outbreak of cholera affected 6% of the population, which caused further loss of thousands of lives. In the diary, poor planning, lack of resources, and being unprepared for what to expect affected the situation. A decade later, the people from Haiti continue to suffer the aftermath of this earthquake. According to (Christine Nesbitt, 2020), worsening food insecurity and malnutrition, water-borne disease epidemics, and high vulnerability to natural disasters have added pressure on women and children.

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Primary prevention in this situation would have been having a disaster plan, which falls under the preimpact phase. PHN educates the community on preparing for any type of disaster. Having a plan in place and involving the family helps identify any discrepancies to remodify the plan if necessary. Preparing emergency backpacks with supplies required for a disaster. Familiarizing the community with the resources available in the area is essential. As PHN, we can provide the community with a site that can help and educate them about disaster planning, such as Ready.gov is a government website that provides a wide range of information regarding preparation for common emergencies and disaster events (Grand Canyon University (Ed), 2018).

 

Secondary prevention is when the disaster is hours from taking place, or it might have already occurred (Grand

NRS 428 Watch the Diary of Medical Mission Trip videos dealing with the catastrophic earthquake in Haiti in 2010
NRS 428 Watch the Diary of Medical Mission Trip videos dealing with the catastrophic earthquake in Haiti in 2010

Canyon University (Ed), 2018). PHN provides treatment for injuries or chronic diseases as soon as possible to prevent adverse effects. But prior to that, the nurse would make sure all the equipment, supplies, and medications needed are in hand. This would be associated with the pre-impact phase of a disaster.

 

Lastly, tertiary prevention is associated with the post-impact phase of a disaster. As PHN, we would help manage any health issues after the disaster. Such as triaging individuals post the earthquake. Trying to save as many lives as possible and helping the community with essentials.

 

The phases that were selected above are related to the video watched. But they can be used in disaster planning. We must always be prepared for the unexpected by having a plan, an escape route, a meeting place, and the necessary supplies and equipment to survive such an event. The community must be educated on the resources needed for survival. Working together hand in hand with Government officials, stakeholders, and the community, we can educate and prepare for such disasters.

 

References:

 

Christine Nesbitt, J. M. (2020, January 10). The Haiti Earthquake: 10 Years Later. Retrieved from Unicef: https://www.unicef.org/stories/haiti-earthquake-10-years-later

 

Grand Canyon University (Ed). (2018). Community &Public Health: The Future of Health Care. Retrieved from https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs427vn/community-and-public-health-the-future-of-health-care/v1.1/

 

ShelterBox. (2010). The 2010 Haiti Earth Quake. Retrieved from ShelterBox: https://www.shelterboxusa.org/2010-haiti-earthquake/

The phases of disaster response are preimpact, impact, and post-impact. They can be referred to as primary, secondary, and tertiary. Primary or preimpact activities would include planning for, drill practice sessions, and gathering needed supplies. Initially, I thought earthquakes were quite an aberration in the Caribbean, upon further research, there have been quite a few in the 2000+ era. Consequently, some anticipatory planning should be or have been performed. Despite the poverty of the country at baseline, medical staff, emergency staff, government staff, and community training efforts can be enacted. There are no shortages of hurricanes that decimate the region and all training could be used to service the population despite the particulars of the disaster. Planning and coordination with international entities such as the Red Cross, UNICEF, the WHO, and large international sponsor countries like the USA (“Emergencies: WHO’s Role,” n.d.). Preplanned disaster relief plans, strategic coordination with authority, and hopefully working relationships would be highly beneficial (“Disaster Relief,” n.d.). An example is having Hati’s equivalent of the department of health and human services have a plan in place with the Red Cross, UNICEF, and potentially the US State Department to declare the equivalent of an international disaster- that then preauthorizes the deployment of dollars, supplies, transportation, and possibly US Military. The US Military is extremely effective in setting up triage, and infrastructure quickly. They were used as the lead entity in that function to combat the Ebola crisis. On a secondary level, I would use those same resources to help organize, distribute, and manage the resources that are sent in (“Emergency Response,” n.d.). I would utilize the locals and emergency medical teams to provide care, but it sounded like there was a grave need for operational expertise to maximize efforts. Post impact or tertiary I would engage NGOs, Christian/religious relief organizations, and entities that are willing to stick around to support the rebuilding efforts and the long-term psycho-social and economic work that needs to be done. Building codes have done much to mitigate disasters here in the US, but that might not be realistic in these third-world countries. The governments might be able to utilize cutting-edge building codes in a critical buildings like hospitals and key government buildings or stadiums that could be used in emergency situations.

References

Disaster Relief. (n.d.). Retrieved September 30, 2022, from https://www.redcross.org/about-us/our-work/disaster-relief.html

Emergencies: WHO’s role. (n.d.). Retrieved September 30, 2022, from https://www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/who-s-role-in-emergencies

Emergency Response. (n.d.). Retrieved September 30, 2022, from https://www.unicefusa.org/mission/emergencies