NRS 429 Discuss why nutrition is a central component in health promotion
NRS 429 Discuss why nutrition is a central component in health promotion
Nutrition is essential to health promotion because it is necessary for our body’s growth, development, and normal functioning. For optimal growth and development, physical activity, reproduction, lactation, illness and injury recovery, and health maintenance throughout the life cycle, adequate nutrition is essential. For a healthy body, a well-balanced diet with enough of the essential nutrients is critical. Disease is linked to both excess and inadequate nutrition. For instance, chronic inflammatory conditions like obesity and cardiovascular disease can be brought on by a combination of inactivity and nutritional excess, particularly in the form of refined carbohydrates and saturated fats. Conversely, deficiencies in essential nutrients can result in slowed growth, compromised immune system, and common conditions like scurvy, osteoporosis, depression, and xerophthalmia.
National library of Medicine. Nutrients, Infectious and Inflammatory Diseases (2017). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles
Access to adequate nutrition is a central theme in health promotion. This is because a healthy diet can improve a patient’s health status significantly. Proper nutritional support is needed for patients to heal wounds, decrease inflammation, and slow disease processes.
Nutritional challenges for emerging populations include: lack of access to funds to purchase food, food insecurity,
and poor food quality. (Seguin, R., 2014.) Patients may also have difficulty preparing or storing healthy foods. Patients may need to supplement their nutrition with additional food from the local Food bank or other food pantries.
4 Major reasons for not eating a healthy diet, as noted by college students are the following:
- Availability of fast food,
- High cost of healthy food,
- Limited time, and
- Laziness. (Abdelhafez, et al., 2020.)
Nutritional deficiencies and excesses play a significant role in the development and management of disease. For example, sodium intake must be decreased in patients with CHF. Excess sodium can be a primary factor causing patients with CHF to retain fluid and experience a crisis. Nutritional deficiencies can cause hypoglycemia. Other electrolyte imbalances can cause disruption, such as low Vitamin C or Vitamin D. Patients may also experience weight loss. Cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and Diabetes can all find their origins both in genetics and also in nutritional imbalances.
Seguin, R., Connor, L., Nelson, M., LaCroix, A., & Eldridge, G. (2014). Understanding barriers and facilitators to healthy eating and active living in rural communities. Journal of nutrition and metabolism, 2014, 146502. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/146502
Abdelhafez, A. I., Akhter, F., Alsultan, A. A., Jalal, S. M., & Ali, A. (2020). Dietary Practices and Barriers to Adherence to Healthy Eating among King Faisal University Students. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(23), 8945. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238945
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Nutrition is a central component of health promotion because most of the essential elements that promote good body functioning are derived from food and their deficiencies cause impaired functions in the body. Some diseases like obesity, hypertension, diabetes, cancer, and stroke have been linked to nutrition” (Falkner, 2018). Part of the objective of Healthy People 2030 is Nutrition and healthy eating, their goal being “improving health by promoting healthy eating and making nutritious foods available” (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion [ODPHP], n.d. Some diseases are associated with malnutrition, when the individual does not eat of the nutrients that promote healthy body functioning. Diseases like malabsorption syndrome whereby the individual cannot absorb the food nutrients are life threatening. People that eat better are strong, active, and more productive than hungry and malnourished individuals. Certain nutrients derived from food help for brain development and function.
Culture influences individual’s food choices. Different cultures have certain practices and beliefs about food, and they consume certain food sources more than others. For The emerging populations, economic barriers affect their choice of food. Healthy food, fruits and vegetables are more expensive than the canned foods and fast food which is cheaper and more convenient. Food nutrients are the substrates like vitamins and minerals and other elements that provide the body with what it need to function normally, these nutrients are affected by the method of processing, storage, and cooking. Nurses have an important role in educating the community on adequate food storage and processing methods that preserve the food nutrients. Eating too much of certain foods and nutrients can be a problem too. Excess salt, fat and sugar increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes. Nutritional deficiencies and illnesses that are associated with diet are treated using proper nutritious diet and lifestyle modifications. Good nutrition including breastfeeding promotes the health of infants. Balanced meal in the right proportions prevent malnutrition and illnesses related to nutritional deficiencies. Right proportions is important in checking obesity.
Falkner, A., (2018). Cultural Awareness. In Health Promotion: Health & wellness across the continuum. (Chapter 3). Grand Canyon University. https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs429vn/health-promotion-health-and-wellness-across-the-continuum/v1.1/#/chapter/3
ODPHP (n.d.). Healthy People 2030. Nutrition and Healthy Eating. https://health.gov/healthypeople/objectives-and-data/browse-objectives/nutrition-and-healthy-eating
An essential component of living a healthy lifestyle is having a good diet. Your diet, when combined with exercise, can assist you in achieving and maintaining a healthy weight, lower your chance of developing chronic illnesses like cancer and heart disease, and improve your general health. Obesity, chronic diseases linked to diet, and undernutrition are among nutrition issues that are becoming more prevalent in our society.
Given the fundamental and expanding influence of food and beverage businesses on the availability of food globally, their impact on the nutritional status of consumers around the world is growing. Malnutrition and obesity are linked to both the amount and quality of food. Disease is linked to both nutritional excess and lack. Maintaining a healthy body requires a balanced diet that contains plenty of the important nutrients. For instance, excessive dietary intake of refined carbs and saturated fats combined with sedentary lifestyles can cause chronic inflammatory diseases including obesity and cardiovascular disease.
On the other hand, a lack of vital nutrients can cause development retardation, impaired immunological response, and common illnesses like scurvy, osteoporosis, depression, etc.
The foods we eat contain nutrients. Nutrients are substances required by the body to perform its basic functions. It must be obtained from our diet since the human body cannot make them. Nutrients have one or more of three basic functions: they provide energy, contribute to body structure, and/or regulate chemical processes in the body. Every kind of malnutrition poses a serious threat to human health. Undernutrition and obesity are two forms of malnutrition that plague the world today, particularly in low- and middle-income nations. Undernutrition (wasting or stunting), deficiency in vitamins or minerals, obesity, and the ensuing diet-related noncommunicable diseases are all forms of malnutrition. The developmental, economic, social, and medical impacts of the global burden of malnutrition are serious and lasting for individuals and their families, for communities and for countries.