NRS 429 Explain the role of health education in health promotion
NRS 429 Explain the role of health education in health promotion
One way to implement programs for health promotion and disease prevention is through health education. Experience in health-related subjects are provided through health education. Strategies for health education are developed with the specific population in mind. Health education provides tools to build capacity and support behavior change in an appropriate setting, as well as information on specific health topics to target populations, including the health benefits and threats they face.
Individual, group, institutional, community, and systemic strategies for enhancing health knowledge, attitudes, skills, and behavior are all components of health education. Health education aims to positively influence individuals’ and communities’ health behaviors, as well as the living and working conditions that affect their health. Just like in everything else in healthcare, health education can use the nursing process to ensure better care. We assess, intervene and evaluate to ensure that the right care or information is given. The pain global issue a family can face is poverty, which is the #1 on global issues facing the world. A nurse may take steps to address these issues by helping low-income families apply for Medicaid or food stamps, and sometimes these government agencies help the families get a job.
Health education is essential to health promotion for all populations. The nursing process can be used in developing educational programs which promote healthy lifestyle choices for prevention of disease, in addition to improved management of existing diseases, such as Hypertension and Diabetes.
The Nursing Process includes Assessment, Analysis, Planning, Implementation and Evaluation. The steps of this
process can assist a nurse in developing an adequate educational program if a thorough nursing assessment is completed. The nurse can utilize this information to identify learning needs and knowledge deficits. Careful analysis of the data can assist the patient in planning the proper teaching strategy, according to the patient’s learning style and educational or developmental level. Delivery of the information in the format which is decided to be the most effective and most beneficial, is the implementation phase. It is important for the nurse to constantly be re-assessing for educational needs and also to be determining if the chosen educational strategy and content was effective. Evaluation of education can be completed after education has been received and processed. (Bergh, et al, 2015.)
An example of a contemporary issue that a family may experience today is a family that is experiencing homelessness. The family unit wishes to stay together, but there are not enough beds in one shelter to house all 5 of them. The single parent has been seeking employment. The children have been attending school online when they have a hotel voucher from Department of Social Services.
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The following are the steps that the nurse can take in order to implement an educational plan:
- Assessment—The nurse can determine what the medical and social needs are specifically. It is important to ask where the family slept last night and if they are “Street Homeless.” In this case, the family sometimes stayed in a hotel, and sometimes stayed in the family car.
- Analysis and Planning—Anticipate needs of the family members. Determine their need for food, clothing, and shelter. What immediate supports and services are available in the Community? This may also be the time to call Department of Social Services or Child Protective Services, in order to explore options available for emergency housing in the community.
- Implementation—Discuss resources that are available and how to access those resources. This is the point when barriers are often unexpected, but they are also identified and overcome.
- Evaluation—How effective was the teaching about health needs and resources? Was the plan practical, and is it a plan that is realistic for the patient and the family at this time? What other supports do they need to have in place to assist them?
(Toney-Butler & Thayer, 2022.)
- Bergh A-L, Friberg F, Persson E, Dahlborg-Lyckhage E. Registered Nurses’ Patient Education in Everyday Primary Care Practice: Managers’ Discourses. Global Qualitative Nursing Research. 2015;2. doi:10.1177/2333393615599168
- Toney-Butler TJ, Thayer JM. Nursing Process. [Updated 2022 Apr 14]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2022 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK499937/
The nurse’s role in health promotion is a very important one that encompasses many roles, including acting as a advocate, deliverer of services, care manager, educator and researcher. As the advocate the nurse is the first contact for a patient, which is why patient advocacy is a fundamental nursing role. Nurses must utilize the power of advocacy in order to identify and address patients’ specific needs. This is also consistent with Provision 3 of the American Nurses Association (ANA) Code of Ethics, which specifically endorses the role of the nurse as a patient advocate (Falkner, 2018). A contemporary issue that a family may experience is domestic violence. According to Ellis (1999), “domestic violence, is a health threat that spans all socioeconomic classes, professions, cultures, religions, ages, and gender. Because there are no specific demographic indicators, identification of victims of domestic violence can be difficult. Men as well as women can be victims of domestic violence. However, research has shown that 95–98 percent of victims are women. 1,2 Domestic violence screening of all women in the emergency department, regardless of their presenting complaint, is one way to effectively identify victims of violence. Emergency department registered nurses (RNs), particularly triage nurses, are an obvious choice as screeners, yet there are data to indicate that screening is not being done”.
Ellis, J. M. (1999). Barriers to Effective Screening for Domestic Violence by Registered Nurses in the Emergency Department. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, 22 (1), 27-41.
Falkner, A. (2018). Health Education, Promotion, and Current Challenges for Family-Centered Promotion. Health Promotion: Health & Wellness Across the Continuum. (Chapter 5). Grand Canyon University. https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs429vn/health-promotion-health-and-wellness-across-the-continuum/v1.1/#/chapter/5
Health education is a process that helps people learn about the factors that affect their health and well-being. It is a process of learning that takes place over time and is often delivered through formal channels such as schools, health care providers, or community-based organizations. According to Koushede and Donovan (2022), the role of health education in health promotion is to provide individuals with the knowledge and skills necessary to make informed decisions about their health.
The nursing process is a systematic, patient-centered approach to planning and delivering nursing care based on the best available evidence. It is a framework for making decisions about care delivery that is individualized to the patient’s needs. The nursing process is used to develop health education plans that are individualized to the client’s needs. The nurse assesses the client’s needs, develops a care plan, implements the program, and evaluates the client’s response to the program. The nurse also provides education on various health topics, including nutrition, exercise, and disease prevention.
A contemporary issue a family may experience today is the increasing cost of healthcare. According to the National Center for Health Statistics, the average annual cost of healthcare for a family of four was $28,166 in 2018 (Deane, 2020). The nurse’s steps to address this as part of a health education plan would be first to identify the factors contributing to the rising cost of healthcare. These factors could include the increasing cost of prescription drugs, the aging population, and the increased use of health services. The nurse can then assess the family’s current knowledge about the issue. They can provide education on ways to reduce the cost of healthcare, such as choosing a less expensive health insurance plan, negotiating with healthcare providers, and choosing generic medications. The nurse could also provide resources about financial assistance programs that may be available to the family.
Deane Waldman MD, M. B. A. (2020). Clinicians Must Cure” Patient Healthcare” Politicians Never Will. The Journal of Medical Practice Management: MPM, 35(5), 279-282.https://www.proquest.com/openview/e7e519e3b9d520c87f6afead9f2033b9/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=32264
Koushede, V., & Donovan, R. (2022). Applying salutogenesis in community-wide mental health promotion. In The handbook of salutogenesis, 479-490. https://library.oapen.org/bitstream/handle/20.500.12657/52407/978-3-030-79515-3.pdf?sequence=1#page=471