NRS 429 What are the methods a nurse can use to gather cultural information from patients

NRS 429 What are the methods a nurse can use to gather cultural information from patients

NRS 429 What are the methods a nurse can use to gather cultural information from patients

Cultural information can be gathered through a good nursing assessment with motivational interviewing. The nurse can ask about the patient’s “preferences, values and beliefs, language, cultural traditions, barriers to care, family of origin, and socioeconomic conditions.” (Stubbe, D.E. 2020.) It is very important for the Registered Nurse to understand the scope of Cultural sensitivity and to design a plan of care which keeps interventions in a realistic context for the patient. Family members may assist with providing a history and social context, in addition to translating for the patient.

Cultural competence leads to better patient care because the patients feel heard and understood when the nurse is culturally sensitive. The nurse is prepared with interventions which have respect for the patient’s right to cultural practices and beliefs.

One example of an intervention is to offer to call Clergy for a family who is experiencing a trauma and in need of support. Clergy needs to be notified in a timely manner and nurses can assist with making the connections and contacting the patient’s pastor or priest. (Reed, C. 2017.) Diverse cultures have many different ways of preparing for the end of life, and nurses should be prepared with an open mind to respond to a patient or family member’s requests.

A nurse can demonstrate cultural competency by educating herself on the practices and major beliefs of different cultures and major world religions. The nurse can be prepared to answer questions and to consult Chaplaincy for spiritual support and guidance. Interventions can be very respectful of the patient’s cultural needs and timelines, such as mourning and burial timelines. Above all, the nurse should demonstrate respect and sensitivity to all cultures and seek guidance when needed.

References:

  1. Stubbe D. E. (2020). Practicing Cultural Competence and Cultural Humility in the Care of Diverse Patients. Focus (American Psychiatric Publishing)18(1), 49–51. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.focus.20190041
  2. Reed, Cindy RN. Cultural Competence. AJN, American Journal of Nursing: July 2017 – Volume 117 – Issue 7 – p 13 doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000520925.34279.30

One of the methods that can be used to gather cultural information from patients is simply asking the patient about

NRS 429 What are the methods a nurse can use to gather cultural information from patients
NRS 429 What are the methods a nurse can use to gather cultural information from patients

his/her cultural beliefs that the patient would like to be practiced while hospitalized. The other method is inquiring from the family members and the patient’s behaviors using non-verbal signs. When providing patient care, nurses must suspend personal biases and fully respect patients despite differences in culture. Cultural competency does not mean becoming an expert on every culture encountered, instead, nurses should recognize what they do and do not know to provide appropriate care (Falkner, 2018).

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Cultural competence relates to better patient care in the sense that knowing the diverse feelings, values, and beliefs of patients leads to increased respect and mutual understanding from patients and increased participation from the local community, which consequently results in improved health outcomes. Cultural competence has been defined in a variety of ways but usually is understood as one possessing the attitudes, knowledge, and skill necessary for providing quality care to a diverse population; in other words, the capacity to deliver culturally appropriate care. To promote culturally competent health care, nursing leaders have developed a clearly articulated set of standards necessary for providing culturally appropriate nursing care. The twelve standards have been designed to serve as a guide for nurses by emphasizing culturally competent care as a priority for all patients (Hines, 2013).

There are various ways to demonstrate cultural competence in nursing practice, one of them being the way the nurse speaks to the patient. The nurse should speak to the patient in a way that is easy to follow and understand. The nurse should not disregard or judge the belief or religious backgrounds of a patient. Instead, the nurse should encourage the patient to do what works best for he/she thinks works best.

Reference

Hines, D. (2013). Cultural competence: Assessment and education resources for Home Healthcare Now. LWW. Retrieved March 16, 2022, from https://journals.lww.com/homehealthcarenurseonline/Fulltext/2014/05001/Cultural_Competence__Assessment_and_Education.3.aspx

Falkner, A. (2018). Cultural Awareness. CCC web books by AWS & CDD. In Grand Canyon University. Retrieved March 16, 2022, from https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs429vn/health-promotion-health-and-wellness-across-the-continuum/v1.1/#/chapter/3

Cultural competence is the ability to understand and effectively interact with people from cultures different from our own. It means been able to negotiate across cultural differences to accomplish a practical goal. The American Association for Health Education defined cultural competences as the ability of an individual to understand and respect values , attitudes , beliefs and mores that differs across cultures and to consider and respond appropriately to these differences in planning, implementing and evaluating health education and promotion programs and interventions. Cultural competence is the ability to give the best medical care to patient while demonstrating cultural awareness for patients beliefs, race and values

The nurse utilizes nursing assessment tool and questionnaires to gather cultural information.. The cultural assessment includes, ethnic background, religious preference, family patterns, food preference, eating patterns and health practices.

Cultural competence fosters good interpersonal relationship between the nurse and patient which results in good communication and improved client outcome.

Cultural competence results in patients satisfaction

It helps to eliminate professional inequality and ensures professional equity

It promotes quality professional nursing care

It promotes patient centered care

The nurse demonstrates cultural competence by:

Acknowledging and respecting the cultural beliefs of the patient

Accommodating and educating the patient

Acknowledging and accepting patients culture

By not be judgmental or stereotyping

Reference

 

 

Cultural competence plays vital care in the quality of care that patients receive. “When healthcare providers fail to recognize the differences between them and their patients, they may inadvertently deliver lower-quality care. Cultivating skills that improve cross-cultural communication can play an important role in delivering equitable care.” (Tulane University, 2021). This is why it is also important for healthcare workers to use an interpreter if there is any sort of language barrier. If the patient can not understand their nurse, and the nurse can not understand the patient there the quality of care is negatively impacted.

Reference:

How to improve cultural competence in health care. Online Public Health & Healthcare Administration Degrees. (2021, March 1). Retrieved October 22, 2022, from https://publichealth.tulane.edu/blog/cultural-competence-in-health-care/