NUR 513 APA Assignment
NUR 513 APA Assignment
Nursing theories consist of concepts, perspectives, frameworks and hypotheses that guide nurses in care delivery. Theorists develop these models using inductive and deductive reasoning. The use of nursing theories is critical as it allows one to address issues in care provision and promote the attainment of positive patient outcomes (Watson & Woodward, 2020). The purpose of this essay is to explore the role and importance of nursing theories based on their purpose and significance to the current practice.
Purpose of Applying Nursing Theory to Patient Care
The use of nursing theories is critical to patient care because of the different purposes that they serve. Nursing theories assist in informing every interaction between nurses and patients. Through defining the features of the nurse-patient interaction, these theories shape how nurses develop relationships with patients (Wei et al., 2019). The purpose of most nursing theories is to help nurses identify care needs among patients, articulate what they can do for patients and why they do it, and determine the kind of information to collect to develop care plans. Through theories, nurses can comprehend and evaluate health situations, explain and anticipate certain responses from patients and map out objectives and anticipated outcomes (Bahabadi et al., 2020). These theories also help nurses determine the interventions to deliver, best practices, and selection of productive areas for research. The implication is that nursing theories are fundamental to quality care provision as they help nurses to possess background propositions to offer the best care.
Importance of Nursing Theory in Current Practice
The current practice trends implore nurses to offer innovative and patient-centered care to enhance outcomes.
Models like the Quadruple Aim, evidence-based practice (EBP), and value-based care all urge nurses to be well-positioned to offer quality and cost effective care to patients and maintain their wellness in practice. Therefore, nursing theories are essential to the current practice as they offer nurses background approaches to the integration of these models. Nursing theories are essential because of the focus on patient-centered care. The use of nursing theories enhances values and goals of nursing practice implying that nursing models can only work when there are proper guidelines in care provision. These theories are interconnected and inextricably intertwined in nursing practice, irrespective of the nursing situation or circumstance. The application of nursing theories in any nursing situation means that nurses are keen on improving care outcomes, reducing the cost of care, and increasing accessibility.
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The current practice environment emphasizes inter-professional collaboration and teamwork to deliver quality care. Therefore, through these theories like Nola Pender’s health promotion model, nurses understand their roles and the actions that they can initiate to improve public health (Bahabadi et al., 2020). Theories provide answers to complex nursing healthcare issues that emerge based on trends like increased use of technology to offer virtual health care services.
Application of a Nursing Theory
Planning and providing care in current practice are essential as they allow nurses to understand and use the most appropriate and effective interventions to deliver care. Nursing theories focus on the four main concepts in nursing metaparadigm. These include the person, the environment, health and nursing (Ortiz, 2018). The use of a nursing theory implies that one must focus on the metaparadigm when offering care. The planning should focus on patients, their environment, the need to attain healthy outcomes, and the role of nurses or nursing in this context.
Dorothea Orem’s self-care model entails three critical areas that include self-care, self-care deficit, and the nursing process. Similarly, Watson’s caring model emphasizes the significance of allowing patients to attain independence and understand their underlying conditions and what they can do to alleviate adverse outcomes (Watson & Woodward, 2020). Therefore, nurses can use a theory to plan care provision as it will help determine what they need to implement their care plans in consultation with the patient. Gathering information before the care provision is essential and requires nurses to leverage appropriate theories in nursing.
Theory Reflecting my Personal Perspective on the Essence of Nursing
Theories are essential in nursing because they offer guidelines and a framework, concepts and approaches that one can deploy to offer quality patient-centered care. Younas & Quennell (2019) assert that theory-guided practice in nursing leads to better quality of life, increased self-efficacy and self-care and reduces patient’s levels of stress, especially those with chronic conditions. The theory that aligns with personal perspective on nursing is Watson’s caring theory. Watson asserts that effective caring regenerates life energies and potentiates individual capability. Caring promotes self-actualization and mutually benefits both the patient and the nurse (Watson & Woodward, 2020). The theory advances that nursing is about health promotion, prevention of illness, caring for the sick and restoration of health. The theory captures my perspective on nursing since I believe that nursing is a selfless profession to help people attain the best outcomes from their health conditions. The theory has been effective in planning and providing care to patients as it focuses on health promotion and interventions that can guarantee better outcomes. Nurses must demonstrate the ten carative factors that Jean advances like willingness to learn to enhance one’s caring experience.
The use of nursing theories is critical as it offers guidelines on how nurses can implement different components of care provision and attain quality patient outcomes. Nursing theories are essential because they help nurses to generate interventions to improve care and understand their roles in care provision. Theories also help in shaping nurses’ personal perspectives on nursing and promotion of quality care.
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