NUR 550 Select an effective current health policy that focuses on or affects population health

NUR 550 Select an effective current health policy that focuses on or affects population health

NUR 550 Select an effective current health policy that focuses on or affects population health

Effective public health policies ensure that different health populations have better outcomes and communities enjoy better access to care. The Healthy People 2030 is an effective public health policy aimed at improving the lives and wellbeing of Americans through encouraging and implementing initiatives targeted at different demographics through primary care interventions. The Healthy People 2030 focuses on keeping people safe and healthy through laws and policies at local, state, territorial and federal levels. Through using evidence-based approaches and interventions, the policy helps to prevent disease and promotes health (Giroir, 2021). The public health framework establishes informed policies and initiatives targeting individual patients, communities, and health populations to improve outcomes, establish interventions customized to their needs and reduce healthcare expenditure through cost cutting primary care activities like encouraging physical exercise and healthy dietary habits.

As a public policy, this framework has different components that target different demographics, from children to the elderly and recommends diverse measures for people to improve their lives and wellbeing. The policy has several objectives like tobacco use and smoking cessation as well as aspects to improve access to water and reduce disparities, especially among low-income and racial minority groups in the country (Hasbrouck, 2021). The development of this policy arose from the need to improve the health of Americans through primary care initiatives. Factors like increased prevalence of lifestyle and non-communicable diseases like diabetes, hypertension, and obesity, need to optimize resources, and ensuring better care outcomes influenced the development of this initiative. The Healthy People 2030 develops ten-year goals to improve health care by eliminating factors which have negative effects on primary health and wellness (ODPHP, 2022). The implication is that this framework is essential in enhancing the lives of Americans and eliminating increased prevalence of non-communicable diseases.

 

References

Giroir, B. P. (2021). Healthy people 2030: A call to action to lead America to healthier lives.

Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, 27(6), S222.

DOI: 10.1097/PHH.0000000000001266

Hasbrouck, L. (2021). Healthy people 2030: an improved framework. Health Education &

           Behavior, 48(2), 113-114. DOI: 10.1177/1090198121997812.

Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP) (2022). Health Policy.

https://health.gov/healthypeople/objectives-and-data/browse-objectives/health-policy

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An effective current health policy that focuses on population health is vaccination. As discussed in Topic 7 DQ 1, vaccination continues to be one of the most powerful and cost-effective disease-prevention tools among populations (Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, 2022). Populations benefit from vaccination to prevent the spread of contagious diseases. An estimated 6 million deaths per year are prevented due to vaccinations (Rodrigues & Plotkin, 2020). Human use of preparations for prevention of infectious diseases date all the way back to 1500 AD and the first vaccine for smallpox was developed in 1798 (Rodrigues & Plotkin, 2020). Vaccine development continues today with the most recent development of the COVID-19 vaccine in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. It is important for populations to understand the impact of vaccination to safeguard the health of populations not just today but also in the future.

The Expanded Program of Immunization (EPI) was founded in 1974 to promote routine vaccination to all children

NUR 550 Select an effective current health policy that focuses on or affects population health
NUR 550 Select an effective current health policy that focuses on or affects population health

by 1990 (Rodrigues & Plotkin, 2020). Vaccines are meant to prevent illnesses and deaths from infections through direct and indirect protections. Decreased rates of diseases due to vaccination reduces healthcare costs as it is better to prevent its occurrence than to actually treat infected individuals, especially when the disease is at its advanced stage. Hence, the article by Rodrigues & Plotkin (2020) reveals that “cost-effectiveness analyses of vaccination programs demonstrate that they are overwhelmingly worth the investment.” Vaccinations have been saving lives and continue to foster healthy populations.

 

References

Association of State and Territorial Health Officials. (2022). ASTHO Unveils Top 10 Public Health Policy Issues to Watch in 2023. https://www.astho.org/communications/newsroom/2022/astho-unveils-top-10-public-health-policy-issues-to-watch-in-2023/

 

Rodrigues, C. M. C., & Plotkin, S. A. (2020). Impact of vaccines; Health, economic and Social Perspectives. Frontiers. Retrieved March 20, 2023, from https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2020.01526/full 

 

Population health is defined as the health outcomes of a group of individuals, including the distribution of such outcomes within the group (citation). These groups are often geographic populations such as nations or communities, but can also be other groups such as employees, ethnic groups, disabled persons, prisoners, or any other defined group.

Note that population health is not just the overall health of a population but also includes the distribution of health. Overall health could be quite high if the majority of the population is relatively healthy—even though a minority of the population is much less healthy. Ideally, such differences would be eliminated or at least substantially reduced.

 

What are the implications of your identified policy for specific population? Do the policies consider specific populations?

With that in mind, I would consider the impact of vaccination on the specific population of children. Vaccination has significantly made an impact on the children’s likelihood of infection that a vaccine can prevent. This has also decreases morbidity and mortality rates in this group. It has also controlled the spread of such diseases within this population, which in turn, promotes a healthier population. Vaccination triggers an immune response. Therefore, getting these children vaccinated doesn’t just protect this specific population, but others as well. The infection can spread though other communities, which can cause an outbreak but vaccination can prevent or decrease the likelihood of this occurrence (Medline Plus, n.d.).

Reference

 

Medline Plus. (n.d.). Childhood Vaccines. https://medlineplus.gov/childhoodvaccines.html

One currently health policy that affects population health is the encouragement, and even for some a requirement that all college students attending in-seat classes receive the meningococcal vaccine prior to attending classes. Meningococcal disease is typically spread in group settings among infants, teens, and young adults, with college students being at a slightly higher risk because of the close proximity to others who may be infected (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2022). The vaccine was first developed in the UK in 1999, and was later implemented in African countries that were experiencing meningococcal meningitis outbreaks, and then later in the US (Edwards, 2020). The World Health Organization began working together with several other organizations on a global plan to defeat meningitis by 2030, which included recommendations for vaccination in certain age groups, such as college students (Edwards, 2020) Since college students are at a higher risk, and since the disease can be very serious and possibly even deadly, requiring vaccination before attending in-seat classes does help reduce the risk of contracting and spreading the disease significantly (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2022).

References

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022, February). Meningococcal Disease. Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: https://www.cdc.gov/meningococcal/about/risk-factors.html

Edwards, H. (2020, October). THe History of Meningitis. Retrieved from Meningitis Research Foundation: https://www.meningitis.org/blogs/the-history-of-meningitis