NURS 8100 Policy and State Boards of Nursing

NURS 8100 Policy and State Boards of Nursing

NURS 8100 Policy and State Boards of Nursing

Regulations Promulgated through Maryland Board of Nursing.

In the state of Maryland some of the advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) include certified midwives, nurse anesthetist, certified nurse practioner (NP) and a clinical nurse specialist. This should be similar to other states too. At a minimum and from personal experience Maryland board of nursing has to give permission to practice as an NP and there are basic requirements that have to be met to qualify to be certified. Not all the regulations that are set forth by the state of Maryland for APRN to practice are recent but they are however all currently used.

Code of Maryland regulations (COMAR) are the compilation of the state of Maryland regulations that help govern the state, (Maryland.org, n.d). Health care is not an exception and APRNP have to abide by the COMAR regulations. According to COMAR, (2020), APRNs can perform multiple functions independently. These include comprehensive assessments, complete a death certificate, do not resuscitate orders, interpret diagnostic and laboratory tests, prescribe medications, provide care and give referrals to other providers. An NP can also practice as a registered nurse and for those who have certifications for mental health, they can admit a client on an involuntary basis for treatment.

How State Regulations Are Supported within Place of Employment

The place of employment has set standards at the same level of practice as expected by the state but for some treatment approaches the expectation is to defer to the primary physician or the medical director.  Establishing this baseline helps achieve the expected standards and also remain in compliance with the COMAR and federal regulations. The place is very supportive that when the NP completes an admission assessment, the doctor does not have to double check unless there is a concern.

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As a nurse practioner, at the place of work there are multiple activities that can be performed independently. These tasks include but not limited to giving orders for medications and treatment, reviewing diagnostic tests, and responding to families as required. One task that is permitted by the state of Maryland but not encouraged at the place of work is signing of certificates of incapacity. (A. Speer, personal communication, July 26, 2021). The primary physician and the psychiatrist sign the Maryland order for life sustaining treatment (MOLST) also and only encourage the NP to sign it if they are not available. This is a task that is authorized by COMAR regulations.

How States Differ in Terms of Scope of Practice

Different states have different prescriptive authorities and conditions that they give to their APRNs. There are those

NURS 8100 Policy and State Boards of Nursing
NURS 8100 Policy and State Boards of Nursing

states that are referred to as independent states which allow APRN independent prescribing and there are those which do not, (Schirle & McCabe, 2016).  Barriers to practice are not uncommon even when the states are flexible, health care settings can still impose different strict policies and procedures. This leads to restriction of some aspects of patient care and limited access to providers despite the states having full practice authority, (Schorn, Myers, Barroso, Hande, Hudson, Kim & Kleinpell 2022).

Impact on Professional Nurses across the United States.

Some nurses have opted to relocate or work where there is more prescriptive authority. Some nurses also have opted not to relocate but get licensures in neighboring states that can give them more autonomy. There are also nurses who have opted to work in other areas where they are needed. These areas include working as lobbyists, researchers, nurse educators and consultants. In this aspect their full potential is more effectively utilized.

References

COMAR 10.27.07.00 (2020) Practice of the Nurse Practitioner​ , http://www.dsd.state.md.us/comar/comarhtml/10/10.27.07.03.htm

Maryland.org (n.d), Division of state documents. http://www.dsd.state.md.us/COMAR/ComarHome.html

Schirle, L., & McCabe, B. E. (2016). State variation in opioid and benzodiazepine prescriptions between independent and nonindependent advanced practice registered nurse prescribing states. Nursing Outlook64(1), 86–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2015.10.003

Schorn, M. N., Myers, C., Barroso, J., Hande, K., Hudson, T., Kim, J., & Kleinpell, R. (2022). Results of a National Survey: Ongoing Barriers to APRN Practice in the United States. Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice23(2), 118–129. https://doi.org/10.1177/15271544221076524

The Illinois state board of nursing has made several amendments to advanced nursing practice regulations. The board created a pathway for APRNs working in hospitals, hospital-affiliated settings, and ambulatory surgery centers to offer most advanced practice nursing care with no career-long collaborative agreement (Illinois General Assembly, n.d.). A written collaborative agreement is needed for all APRNs engaged in clinical practice, except those privileged to practice in a hospital, hospital affiliate, or ambulatory surgical treatment center. However, if an APRN engages in clinical practice outside of a hospital, hospital affiliate, or ambulatory surgical treatment center must have a written collaborative agreement (Illinois General Assembly, n.d.). Besides, APRNs must have an ongoing relationship with a physician to prescribe benzodiazepines and some other scheduled agents.

The state regulations are supported in my current place of employment since the organization’s leadership allows APRNs to practice within their full scope of education without a collaborative agreement with a physician. APRNs in our organization are authorized to: conduct patient assessment; diagnose; order, perform, and interpret diagnostic tests; order treatments; provide palliative and end-of-life care; provide advanced counseling, patient education, and patient advocacy.

The scope of APRN practice differs across various states in the US. Various states grant APRNs Full practice authority, while others have Reduced and Restricted practice. States with Full practice allow APRNs to practice within their full scope of education (Peterson, 2018). APRNs with Reduced practice are required to have a collaborative agreement with a physician to engage in the elements of APRN practice. Besides, states with restricted practice need supervision and delegation to practice. The APRN scope of practice disparity negatively affects APRN professional practice since APRNs in some states are not allowed to practice as their counterparts in other states. Patients in states with Full practice have more access to healthcare since APRNs act as primary care providers (Ortiz et al., 2018).

 

 

References

Illinois General Assembly. (n.d.). Nurse Practice Acthttps://ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs4

Ortiz, J., Hofler, R., Bushy, A., Lin, Y. L., Khanijahani, A., & Bitney, A. (2018). Impact of Nurse Practitioner Practice Regulations on Rural Population Health Outcomes. Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)6(2), 65. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare6020065

Peterson, M. E. (2018). Barriers to Practice and the Impact on Health Care: A Nurse Practitioner Focus. Journal of the advanced practitioner in oncology8(1), 74–81.