NURS 8210 Information System Evaluation

NURS 8210 Information System Evaluation

NURS 8210 Information System Evaluation

Introduction

In this discussion, I will distinguish information system evaluation from other evaluations, assess major problems facing designing evaluations for information application, and write an executive summary to articulate analysis of a health information technology system.

Distinguishing Information System Evaluation from Other Evaluations

Information system evaluation is very hard compared to other types of evaluations. This is because it involves many dimensions and different shareholders. Another difference is that investments in information system lead to intangible benefits which are only realized after a long period of time. For this reason, evaluation of information system may be carried out after a long period of time, unlike other evaluations which may take short period. Evaluation of information system requires formal-rational view to compute cost on defined criteria (Rahimi & Vimarlund, 2007). Information system evaluation also uses interpretative approaches of IT with information technology it.

Assessing Major Problems in Designing Successful Evaluations for Information Systems

One of the major problems encountered when designing successful for information systems is lack of data trust. Major shareholders may disclose false data which may impact evaluation process negatively. Some organizations may miss robust data strategy to align and validate their vision and mission (Runy, 2009). This makes it difficult for an organization to realize who contributed a certain amount of money for the information systems. Designing successful evaluations for information may be affected by customization which is very expensive and complex.

An executive Summary that Articulate the Evaluation of a Health Information Technology System

Today evaluations of a health IT system in health organizations are enormous. Health information technology

NURS 8210 Information System Evaluation
NURS 8210 Information System Evaluation

system has improved performance of health care delivery. However, evaluations have been done to the performances of data, hardware, human resources and software, to ensure that the information meet its objectives. The results have shown that health information technology system has progressed significantly in many health sectors. The results also shown that evaluation of a health information technology system has been faced challenges such as data mistrust and customization (Nahm et al., 2007). I therefore conclude that evaluation of a health information technology system is very helpful for health sectors, and any challenge facing evaluation process should be reduced or avoided for good outcomes.

Conclusion

From this discussion, I can conclude that evaluation of health information technology system is very significant for health sectors. However, the evaluation process is faced by various challenges which may affect its outcome negatively. We have also noted that assessment of a health information technology system differ from other evaluations.

 

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References

Nahm, E., Vaydia, V., Ho, D., Scharf, B., & Seagull, J. (2007). Outcomes assessment of clinical information system implementation: A practical guide. Nursing Outlook, 55(6), 282-288. e2.

Rahimi, B., & Vimarlund, V. (2007). Methods to evaluate health information systems in healthcare settings: A literature review. Journal of Medical Systems, 31(5), 397- 432.

Runy, L. A. (2009). IT challenges in physician practice management. Hospitals & Health Networks, 83(11), 37-43.

With the increased implementation and integration of information technology (IT) within health care systems it is important to continually assess and evaluate the outcomes of these various systems. Evaluating information technology applications allows for decision makers to gain knowledge regarding the functioning of the IT-based system within the organization (Rahimi & Vimarlund, 2007). Within the literature, it is apparent that various methods to IT system assessment are present and vary according to the application in use. For example, in assessment of clinical decision support systems (CDSS) it is recommended to utilize randomized controlled clinical trials (RCCT) to gain further insight regarding effectiveness (Rahimi & Vimarlund, 2007). Further discussion regarding computer-based patient record systems, such as electronic medical records (EMRs), recommend utilizing a systematic survey to assess the impact on medical practice, quality of care, and user as well as patient satisfaction (Rahimi & Vimarlund, 2007). It is important to involve all stakeholders within evaluation to ensure outcomes are being met and that strategies are effective (American Nurses Association, 2008).

In comparison to other methods of assessment within healthcare, IT assessment involves the inclusion of all stakeholders including patients, staff, and administration. During assessment, various methods of evaluation can be utilized as previously discussed. With regards to evaluation, this should be conducted in a systematic and ongoing matter (American Nurses Association, 2008). As health information technology is continually evolving, evaluation should continue as well to ensure that implementation and technology is effective. Effective technology should include user acceptance, as well as satisfaction of patients which refers to increased or improved quality of care. Furthermore, financial effects should be within budget and not include additional costs (Nahm et al. 2007; Rahimi & Vimarlund, 2007). A barrier to designing a successful evaluation for IT is that a variety of applications may be required dependent upon the technology. Nahm et al. (2007) found that randomized control led trials, pre and post test studies, time and motion studies, surveys and user testing were frequently utilized in outcome assessment.

References

American Nurses Association. (2008). Nursing informatics: Scope and standards of practice.

Silver Spring, MD: Author.

Nahm, E., Vaydia, V., Ho, D., Scharf, B., & Seagull, J. (2007). Outcomes assessment of clinical

information system implementation: A practical guide, Nursing Outlook, 55 (6), 282-288.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2007.09.003.

Rahimi, B., & Vimarlund, V. (2007). Methods to evaluate health information systems in

healthcare settings: A literature review. Journal of Medical Systems, 31(5), 397-432.

doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10916-007-9082-z

RESPOND HERE (150 WORDS, 3 REFERENCES)

 

This is insightful Jessica, evaluation of the health information technology system is necessary for ensuring optimum applicability in providing quality healthcare services. The evaluation of HIT often takes different approaches depending on the organization and the policies that have been put in place (Cresswell et al., 2020). The evolution of health information technology calls for improvement in the evaluation processes. Evaluating information technology applications allows decision-makers to gain knowledge regarding the functioning of the IT-based system within the organization; it also allows the organization to determine possible areas that require improvement and the security status of the system (Singh et al., 2020). Identification of the system’s vulnerability is one of the approaches to evaluating a health information system. The entire process of evaluation should be based on the guidelines and measures that have been put in place (Carayon & Hoonakker, 2019). Every healthcare organization should conduct an evaluation of their health information technology systems to ensure they operate normally. One of the questions I would ask is: How can healthcare professionals be involved in evaluating health information technology?

References

Carayon, P., & Hoonakker, P. (2019). Human factors and usability for health information technology: old and new challenges. Yearbook of medical informatics28(01), 071-077. https://www.thieme-connect.com/products/ejournals/html/10.1055/s-0039-1677907

Cresswell, K., Sheikh, A., Franklin, B. D., Krasuska, M., Nguyen, H. T., Hinder, S., … & Williams, R. (2020). Theoretical and methodological considerations in evaluating large-scale health information technology change programmes. BMC Health Services Research20, 1-6. https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1186/s12913-020-05355-7.pdf

Singh, R. P., Javaid, M., Haleem, A., Vaishya, R., & Bahl, S. (2020). Significance of Health Information Technology (HIT) in context to COVID-19 pandemic: Potential roles and challenges. Journal of Industrial Integration and Management5(04), 427-440. https://doi.org/10.1142/S2424862220500232