NURS FPX 4060 Health Promotion Plan

Sample Answer for NURS FPX 4060 Health Promotion Plan Included After Question

Develop a health promotion plan, 2-3 pages in length, addressing a specific health concern within your community. Then, enlist the participation of a selected individual or group in an educational session about that health concern and associated health improvement strategies.

For this assessment, you will plan for and enlist the participation of an individual or group in a clinical learning activity based on a health promotion plan addressing a particular health concern affecting members of your community.

 

 

NURS FPX 4060 Health Promotion Plan
NURS FPX 4060 Health Promotion Plan

 

A Sample Answer For the Assignment: NURS FPX 4060 Health Promotion Plan

Title: NURS FPX 4060 Health Promotion Plan

The promotion of optimum health for diverse populations is important in healthcare. Healthcare providers, including nurses, implement evidence-based interventions that optimize the outcomes of their populations by addressing their actual and potential needs. Public health issues such as teenage pregnancies have adverse health effects on the affected populations. Nurses should explore the factors contributing to them, prevention interventions, and educate the public about ways of ensuring sustainability in the adopted changes. The purpose of this research paper is to analyze the issue of teenage pregnancies as a community concern. The paper examines why it is an important issue for health promotion, agreed-upon health goals, and the importance of establishing agreed-upon goals.

Analysis of the Community Health Concern

The selected issue of analysis in this research paper is teenage pregnancy. Teenage pregnancy is also referred to as adolescence pregnancy and occurs when one is under the age of 20 years. The World Health Organization (WHO) recognizes that teenage pregnancy is a global problem with clearly identifiable causes and serious economic, health, and economic consequences. The rates of teenage pregnancies have remained uneven in most regions despite the global statistics demonstrating a downward trend (WHO, 2022). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) shows that the teenage pregnancy rate in the USA has been declining for the past few years. Accordingly, the teen birth rate in every 1000 females has been decreasing since 1991. The teenage birth rate declined from 17.4 per 1000 females in 2018 to 16.7 per 1000 females in 2019 (CDC, 2021). The decline is largely attributed to most teens abstaining from early sexual activity and the use of birth control by those who are sexually active.

Despite the above decline, the teenage pregnancy rate in the USA is still higher as compared to other western industrialized nations. In addition, considerable racial, ethnic, and geographical disparities in teenage birth rates exist in America. For example, the decline in teenage birth rates from 2018-2019 was high among non-Hispanic White females (5.8%) as compared to 5.2% for Hispanic females and 1.9% for non-Hispanic females (CDC, 2021). The birth rates among Hispanic teens in 2019 was 25.3% and 25.8% for non-Hispanic black teens, which were two times higher than that of non-Hispanic White teens (11.4%) (CDC, 2021). The teenage birth rate was the highest among American Indian/Alaska Native teens (29.2%) (CDC, 2021). Therefore, it is important to explore effective health promotion initiatives to address this public health concern.

Why the Health Concern is Important for Health Promotion

Teenage pregnancy is important for health promotion. First, its current rate in America remains high despite a decline in rates over the past years. As noted above, teenage pregnancies affect the population disproportionately, with teens from ethnic minority groups being highly affected by the problem. Teenage pregnancies are also largely attributable to social determinants of health. Accordingly, factors such as low education and income of the teen’s family, single parenting, and living in foster care increase the risk of teens being victims of early pregnancies (CDC, 2021). As a result, it is important to examine the unique social determinants of health in each community to implement responsive interventions.

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A positive correlation exists between teenage pregnancies, hard life, and health outcomes. For example, teenage pregnancies contribute to a high rate of school dropout among girls. Statistics show that about 50% of teen mothers get a high school diploma by the age of 22 years while 90% of those who do not get pregnant during their teen ages graduate from high school (CDC, 2021). Teenage mothers also have lower school achievement as compared to those who do not get pregnant during this age (WHO, 2022). The low educational achievement act is used as a predictor for other adverse outcomes such as being incarcerated, substance abuse, low income, and poor quality of life.

Teenage pregnancies are also associated with adverse health outcomes. Evidence shows that teenage mothers are at a higher risk of developing maternal anemia, spontaneous miscarriage, and pregnancy-induced hypertension. They also have a high rate of preterm deliveries with poor outcomes. The risk for delivery complications such as prolonged labor, poor progress of labor, and caesarian delivery is also high among teenage mothers due to their underdeveloped reproductive organs. Evidence points to an increased risk of maternal mortality because of complications such as post-partum hemorrhage and unsafe abortion practices among them (Smith et al., 2018). Teenage pregnancies also have an impact on the social, emotional, and psychological health of the teen mother. Often, they suffer from social isolation and stigma, which affects their mental health and well-being. They also experience challenges in coping with the increasing demands of their caring roles as teenage mothers, which lead to poor mental outcomes. Teen pregnancies also affect the growth and development of the newborns. Often, teen mothers lack the knowledge, skills, and support that they need to provide the care their newborns need (Walker & Holtfreter, 2021). They also experience barriers in accessing the care their infants need, affecting their health, growth, and development.

Importance of Establishing Agreed-Upon Goals

It is important to establish agreed-upon goals when addressing the issue of teenage pregnancies. First, agreed-upon goals are sustainable. The adopters of the developed change initiatives are empowered to be proactively involved in examining how to achieve better outcomes in teenage pregnancy prevention. Mutually agreed goals also promote empowerment. There is the potential of aligning the goals with the expectations, knowledge, skills, and abilities of the adopters, which enhance their empowerment to achieve optimum outcomes in teen pregnancy prevention. Establishing agreed-upon goals also contributes to efficiency in the implementation of change initiatives to address teen pregnancies. Accordingly, the agreed upon goals can be implemented with ease. There is also minimum potential for resistance from the population (Emich, 2018). As a result, the allocated resources for addressing teen pregnancies are utilized efficiently.

Agreed-Upon Health Goals

The following are the agreed-upon goals with parents of teenagers on the prevention of teenage pregnancies in the community:

  1. By the end of the health education program, parents should dedicate at least 30 minutes in a day for one week to educate their teens about teenage pregnancy (Mehra et al., 2018).
  2. By the end of the health education program, parents should state how they can advocate the creation of safe environments in their communities for teens to prevent teenage pregnancies and their associated risk factors (Amjad et al., 2019).
  3. By the end of the health education, schools should report readiness to offer sex education to teens as part of the curriculum during this term (Leung et al., 2019).

Conclusion

In summary, the selected health promotion issue is teenage pregnancy with emphasis on the rate of teen pregnancy. The rate being higher than that of other western, industrialized countries. Teenage pregnancies have adverse health, social, and economic impacts. Communities should be empowered to embrace interventions that minimize the predisposition of teens to factors that contribute to early pregnancies.

References

Amjad, S., MacDonald, I., Chambers, T., Osornio-Vargas, A., Chandra, S., Voaklander, D., & Ospina, M. B. (2019). Social determinants of health and adverse maternal and birth outcomes in adolescent pregnancies: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 33(1), 88–99. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppe.12529

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2021, November 15). Reproductive teen Pregnancy [About Teen Pregnancy]. Centers for disease control and prevention. Retrieved November 29, 2022, from https://www.cdc.gov/teenpregnancy/about/index.htm

Emich, C. (2018). Conceptualizing collaboration in nursing. Nursing Forum, 53(4), 567–573. https://doi.org/10.1111/nuf.12287

Leung, H., Shek, D. T. L., Leung, E., & Shek, E. Y. W. (2019). Development of Contextually-relevant Sexuality Education: Lessons from a Comprehensive Review of Adolescent Sexuality Education Across Cultures. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(4), Article 4. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040621

Mehra, D., Sarkar, A., Sreenath, P., Behera, J., & Mehra, S. (2018). Effectiveness of a community based intervention to delay early marriage, early pregnancy and improve school retention among adolescents in India. BMC Public Health, 18(1), 732. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5586-3

Smith, C., Strohschein, L., & Crosnoe, R. (2018). Family histories and teen pregnancy in the united states and canada. Journal of Marriage and Family, 80(5), 1244–1258. https://doi.org/10.1111/jomf.12512

Walker, D., & Holtfreter, K. (2019). Teen pregnancy, depression, and substance abuse: The conditioning effect of deviant peers. Deviant Behavior, 42(3), 297–312. https://doi.org/10.1080/01639625.2019.1666610

World health organization. (2022, September 15). Adolescent pregnancy. Retrieved November 30, 2022, from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/adolescent-pregnancy