PHN 652 Choose the two data collection methods you feel are the most effective
PHN 652 Choose the two data collection methods you feel are the most effective
Public Health Nursing: Population-Centered Health Care in the Community
Read in Chapter 10 in Public Health Nursing: Population-Centered Health Care in the Community the discussions of the application of the nursing process to a variety of clients beginning on page 234 and Tables 11.1 and 11.2. There are numerous examples of how evidence-based practice is applied in practice. Please review these for examples of how you may apply it in your practice.
There are different data collection that are essential in fulfilling research studies and that helps in identifying solution to health issues or problem. One of the data collections that I think is very effective is one-on one interview. It is a common data collection that provides detailed information (Humans of Data, 2018). I chose this data collection due to it is useful in exploring the perception of the participants. It helps us understand the behaviors of the participants in a certain topic. The second data collection that I think is very effective in conducting research is observation. Observation is a process of collecting data through by watching behavior, events, or noting physical characteristics in their natural setting (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018). Observations can either be overt which means the participant s are aware that they are being observed or covert which means the participants are not aware that they are being observed. Covert would be more ideal way of observing due to participants can act naturally. However due to ethical reason, overt method would be more preferred. This method of collection of data is helpful in monitoring or watching a process or situation that you are valuating as it occurs.
Humans of Data. (2018). 3 Qualitative research methods you should know. Retrieved from
Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018). Data collection methods for
program evaluation: observation. Retrieved from
Thank you for your post, I thought your post explained the importance of data collection. I just wanted to add that as identified by CDC (2012) Data collected for health-related purposes typically come from three sources, individual persons, the environment, and health-care providers and facilities. Furthermore, data collection for non-health related purpose such as taxes, or administrative data collection in relation to health-related scenarios.
According to CDC (2012) data collection can be used for other purposes- a practice known as the reanalysis or secondary use of data. It is known for its efficient but can lack of timeliness or lack sufficient details to address any problems that may arise. According to CDC (2012) the primary collection of data is time consuming and resource intensive if it is done well. This gives rise to the fact that data collection is quite important in public health nursing and ongoing process of progress of public health.
Centers for Disease and Control (2012). Sources and Methods for Gathering Data.
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Sources and Methods for Gathering Data can be collected in many ways. According to the CDC (2012), “There are
four methods that can be utilized to collect a significant amount of health care related data, the methods include environmental monitoring, survey, and notification”. Notification and environmental monitoring are two great effective methods primary because both public health monitoring is useless without public health reporting, patterns, outbreaks, cases and much more. Furthermore, the public health officials are responsible for reporting and communicating the current state of health in a population affected by the current outbreaks and diseases. Both methods support the preliminary as well as evaluative phases of health policy making and health care planning.
The notification method is effect in public health for those diseases that are highly communicable and have short incubation periods. In order for the public health response professionals to be maximally effective, the notification of cases by medical providers must be prompt. Public health authorities must encourage notification and provide feedback to their adviser as to their amount of disease control in the community (Ferson, 2013).In environmental monitoring is imperative as there have been a reported lack of basic information on the linkages between environmental hazards and chronic disease. According to Goldman & Coussens (2004) “Acknowledging a critical environmental health gap, the Pew Environmental Health Commission proposed in 2001 the establishment of a national tracking system was noted to monitor environmentally related exposures and diseases”. Collecting and monitoring data on environmental hazards and health effects can stop or decrease hazards the individuals are exposure to.
Centers for Disease and Control (2012). Sources and Methods for Gathering Data. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/lesson5/section4.html
Ferson M. J. (2013). Notification and Disease Control: Obligations of the Medical Practitioner Under Public Health Legislation. Legal and Forensic Medicine, 707–725. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-32338-6_152
Goldman,L., & Coussens ,C., (2004).Institute of Medicine (US) Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine. Overview of Environmental Health Monitoring and the Use of Indicators. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK215456/
Focus group and surveys are important aspects in public health, according to Garcia (2021) the earliest sickness survey of the US Public Health Serve, which started in 1915, was the service’s first socioeconomic study of an industrial community. It was also the first to define illness as a person’s inability to work. This gives the sense that surveys were a true beginning in the public health sector. As identified by Garcia (2021) Health Survey became a major source of information for the arguments that eventually led to the establishment of Medicaid.
In terms of focus groups is incorporated to facilitate exploration of a perceptions and views about alterative, noted with signed consent forms, noted with certain participants that will be involved in each scenario. According to Whittaker et al 2021 a focus group was chosen in preference to individual interviews or an open question survey because it has been shown to be an effective methodology for assessing ideas and experiences and enables participants to respond to an appraise peers’ ideas.
These two important aspect focus group and surveys is imperative with public health nursing and its need to utilize the aspects that will benefit and empower the public sector of health as it continues within nursing.
Garcia, M; PHD (2021) The Social Survey, the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, and the Beginnings of the US Public Health Survey’s Sickness Surveys
Whittaker, J (2021) Students’ views about alternates to traditional dissertation for Master in Public Health: results of a spiritual focus group
As the question stated there are numerous ways public health nurses can collect data. But it is also possible to focus on assets and strengths, emphasizing what the community does have, not what it doesn’t. Those assets and strengths can be used to meet those same community needs and improve community life (Community Tool Box, 2018). A secondary data source can be obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a great resource for nurses to collect data. I feel that the CDC is a resource that uses public health surveillance, which gives a snapshot of the community’s health conditions (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2018). it is an effective way to compare the current health status in the community with the same community at different time points, with other communities, or with larger populations such as state or national data. Understanding and studying the community in which you serve sometimes dictate which resource at the time is needed.
The other data collection method that will be beneficial for my chosen population, is a focus group. A focus group is a good way to generate information about a community’s unique beliefs, norms, values, power and influence structures, and problem-solving processes, (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2018). A focus group can provide great information on the targeted population. It is time-consuming when but is worthwhile to make the effort to systematically collect primary data in the community and to avoid concluding limited observations or unconﬁrmed intuitions. Knowledge of the availability, affordability, and condition of the community’s housing is a vital assessment tool. It can help in planning the amount and location of affordable housing, and in deciding whether such housing needs to be built from scratch, or whether existing vacant and run-down buildings can be restored. Talking with members of the community through churches, associations, and block clubs. Focus groups should be structured to balance a diversity of perspectives with opportunities for an in-depth understanding of the chosen topics, (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2018).
Community Tool Box, (2018). Developing a plan for assessing local needs and resources, chapter 3; section 1. Retrieved from: https://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/assessment/assessing-community-needs-and-resources/qualitative-methods/main
Stanhope, M. & Lancaster, J. (2019). Public health nursing: Population-centered health care in the community (10th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier. ISBN-13: 9780323582247