PHN 652 Data Collection Method

PHN 652 Data Collection Method

PHN 652 Data Collection Method

There are different data collection methods involved in both the qualitative and quantitative research processes. The choice of each of the methods depends on the study’s design and the types of data and information required from the research. Each of the data collection methods, when used appropriately, often leads to accurate processes in research. The application of questionnaires is one of the most common data collection methods since they are inexpensive and can provide broad perspectives (Paradis et al., 2016). Questionnaires are always designed to reflect the variables that may be required during the process of data analysis. Questionnaires consist of different questions that each respondent must answer or respond to. Questionnaires can be used on different platforms, including the internet, face-to-face, email, as well as telephone. They can be applied to different respondents across the globe.

Questionnaires are usually applied when the information is being drawn from a large population or on a wide variety

PHN 652 Data Collection Method
PHN 652 Data Collection Method

of topics. Questionnaires may consist of multiple-choice questions, true/false questions, and open-ended questions. Similar questionnaires/surveys can be undertaken at spaced intervals to enhance the measurements of change over time. Questionnaires are useful when there is a large amount of data to be collected from the population (Van Gelder et al., 2019). Also, questionnaires can be used when there is the need for the researchers to provide anonymity, whether perceived or real. In other words, the application of questionnaires in the data collection processes is necessary when there is a need to maintain the respondents’ confidentiality of information.

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One of the main pitfalls is that responses given may be biased. The biasness of the information may lead to inaccuracy in the research outcomes. My personal experience while applying this data collection method is that it was easy to use and inexpensive. Also, the use of questionnaires was cheaper compared to other methods of data collection.

References

Paradis, E., O’Brien, B., Nimmon, L., Bandiera, G., & Martimianakis, M. A. T. (2016). Design: Selection of data collection methods. Journal of graduate medical education8(2), 263. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4857496/

Van Gelder, M. M., Bretveld, R. W., & Roeleveld, N. (2019). Web-based questionnaires: the future in epidemiology?. American journal of epidemiology172(11), 1292-1298. Retrieved from: https://academic.oup.com/aje/article/172/11/1292/194147?login=true