PHN 652 What is the importance of evaluating population-based interventions?

PHN 652 What is the importance of evaluating population-based interventions?

PHN 652 What is the importance of evaluating population-based interventions?

Public Health Intervention components specify what knowledge, skills, and competencies are addressed in an evidence-based intervention to achieve the target outcome. Components are specific to target populations; within an intervention, multiple actors may be defined as target populations. For example, family-based programs often include parent and child behavioral outcomes. An evidence-based public health program is the Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP) intervention (www.nursefamilypartnership.org. What other public health home visiting programs are evidence-based in your community?

Unread

In my community is the Visiting Nurse Service of New York Home Care. It covers a variety of programs that include; AIDS Home Care Program, Audiology, Baseline Services – Home Health Aide, Homemaker, Housekeeper, Medical Social Services, Medical Supplies Equipment and Appliances, Nursing, Nutrition, Personal Care, , Therapy – Occupational, Physical, Respiratory, and Speech Language Pathology.

(Visiting Nurse Service of New York Home Care, New York, NY).

Unread

Healthy Families Georgia (HFG) is a public health home visiting program. The people of Georgia that are eligible for Georgia Home Visiting Programs are low income, first-time parents, persons under 21, unemployed, unstable housing, survivors of child abuse or neglect, ect. The Healthy Families Georgia promotes children’s well-being and is used to prevent the abuse of children in communities. Over 70000 families used the personalized in-home support from the program. This program strengthens parent-child relationships, promotes healthy child development, and enhances well-being. This public health home visiting program is in 38 states (DPH, 2022).

DPH. (2022). Home Visiting Program. Home Visiting Program | Georgia Department of Public Health

Unread

.A health and family program in Illinois has long valued evidence-based home visiting programs as an effective and efficient strategy for improving the life trajectory of expectant and new families who are at risk for poor health, educational, economic, and social outcomes.  The Health Resources & Services Administration (HRSA) Maternal and Child Health, (HRSA, 2021).

Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) Program. According to HRSA, (2021), “The Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) Program support pregnant people and parents with young children who live in communities that face greater risks and barriers to achieving positive maternal and child health outcomes. Families choose to participate in home visiting programs, and partner with health, social service, and child development professionals to set and achieve goals that improve their health and well-being. The program aims to improve maternal and child health. Prevent child abuse and neglect. Reduce crime and domestic violence, increase family education, and promote children’s development and readiness for school. The purpose is to connect families to needed community resources and support.

 

Reference

 

Health Resources & Services Administration, (2021). Maternal & Child Health. Retrieved from: https://mchb.hrsa.gov/programs-impact/programs/home-visiting/maternal-infant-early-childhood-home-visiting-miechv-program

Click here to ORDER an A++ paper from our Verified MASTERS and DOCTORATE WRITERS: PHN 652 What is the importance of evaluating population-based interventions?

There are several barriers to promoting an evidence-based practice that comes from time, money, and resources to

PHN 652 What is the importance of evaluating population-based interventions
PHN 652 What is the importance of evaluating population-based interventions

implement the interventions. in one instance nurses must identify the trends of STD infection in the population they serve to screen clients who may be at risk and adequately plan prevention programs and care resources, (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2019).   Nurses who have access to more available resources, such as electronic databases, libraries, and professional guidelines, tend to rely more on scientific evidence. Public health nurses have positive attitudes toward EBP, but insufficient knowledge and are unprepared for implementation. Knowledge of how to implement evidence-based practice in community nursing can be a barrier. More investment in resource supplements, nursing workforce, nursing guidance, and EBP approaches are needed for well EBP implementation. Therefore Community nurses can have more research time and resources, a better EBP operating environment, and additional support from working staff and management. Proper training is needed on implications for evidence-based practice knowledge (Li & Zhu, 2019).

 

Reference

 

Li, S., Cao, M., & Zhu, X. (2019). Evidence-based practice: Knowledge, attitudes, implementation, facilitators, and barriers among community nurses-systematic review. Medicine98(39), e17209. https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000017209

Stanhope, M. & Lancaster, J. (2019). Public health nursing: Population-centered health care in the community (10th ed.).

Unread

Evaluating population-based interventions is an essential step in over-all process of develop programs and policies to improve the health and well-being of a population. Population-based interventions are widely used to modify the delivery of health and social care. Assessment of these interventions enables healthcare teams to learn and to improve services, and can inform future policy (Clarke et al., 2019). However, it requires a thorough collection of data to properly evaluate the effectiveness of these interventions. Comparing observed outcomes with what is expected if interventions did not happen can help in determining appropriate actions or decision making for population.

Reference

Clarke, G.M., Conti, S., Wolters, A.T., & Stevenson, A. (2019). Evaluating the impact of healthcare interventions using routine data. BMJ. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l2239

Read

When it comes to population -based interventions the evaluating process is important primarily because it targets the at risk population and looks at preventive measures for the population exposed. Additionally, it focus on an approach that looks at intervening in all possible levels of practice . It’s important to consider evidence based interventions as they can be directed at the entire population within a community, the systems that affect the health of those populations, and the individuals and families within those populations known to be at risk. In the planning and development phase , its important to consider the evaluation phase during the development of evidence-based interventions because these  interventions exacerbate health inequalities (Waters, et al.,2006). For these reasons, population -based research investigates numerous determinants of health, including health care services, individuals’ genetics and health behaviors, physical and social environments. Furthermore,when evaluating the development , its important to recognize funding can be a barrier and according to Ariosto, et al. (2018) “Funding agencies have increased their support for population health research in response to rapidly growing chronic illness populations and skyrocketing medical costs .” Which is great and beneficial to the healthcare system as a whole.

Reference

Ariosto, D. A., Harper, E. M., Wilson, M. L., Hull, S. C., Nahm, E. S., & Sylvia, M. L. (2018). Population health: a nursing action plan. JAMIA open1(1), 7–10. https://doi.org/10.1093/jamiaopen/ooy003

Waters, E., Doyle, J., Jackson, N., Howes, F., Brunton, G., Oakley, A., & Cochrane Collaboration (2006). Evaluating the effectiveness of public health interventions: the role and activities of the Cochrane Collaboration. Journal of epidemiology and community health, 60(4), 285–289. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2003.015354

Evaluation can be frightening to many people. Evidence-based interventions need to be evaluated and selected based on the specific issues demonstrated by the target population. So, the process for identifying an intervention includes identifying the population issue and evaluating intervention options. Evaluating during planning and development means determining the value of the work. Determine baselines for behaviors you wish to change, (U.S. Department of Education, n.d.). If you want to know how many changes the program has brought about, you’ll need to know what was happening before the intervention got started. Focus on the impact planning and implementation or work is having on the community. Continue revising and updating action plans. Keep the implementation of the intervention strong and focused on the goals at hand. You have developed and implemented an initiative in the community, and you want to know how well it’s working, (Community Tool Box, 2018). Evaluation provides you with this feedback on what worked and what needs to be revised. Implementation of Interventions is specific to what knowledge, skills, and competencies are addressed in a community to achieve the target outcome. Population-based interventions are specific to target populations and, within an intervention, multiple factors may be defined as targets for that population.

References

 

Community Tool Box, (2018)., Measuring success: Evaluating comprehensive community initiatives. Retrieved from: https://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/evaluate/evaluate-community-initiatives/measure-success/main

 

U.S. Department of Education., (n.d.). How to select an evidence-based intervention. Retrieved from: https://implementationscience.uconn.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/1115/2014/12/PRIME_quickguide_edvidence-based_intervention.pdf#:~