PUB 540 Discuss three of the seven uses and applications of epidemiology

PUB 540 Discuss three of the seven uses and applications of epidemiology

PUB 540 Discuss three of the seven uses and applications of epidemiology

The screening is utilized to determine early signs and symptoms of illness or health conditions to provide early treatment or intervention to prevent health complications from the disease in an individual (Oleske, 2009). Surveillance is described as an organized process to collect data about disease or health problems, analyze these data, and conduct an evaluation to provide this information to those who are actively involved in the health problem (Oleske, 2009). Screening may be conducted through technology such as x-ray, questionnaires or surveys, clinical assessments such as breast examination, and laboratory testing to identify health issues while surveillance is a continuous process of monitoring health problems.

A good example of a screening procedure is a home test kit for COVID-19 to identify if the individual is positive for

COVID-19. Surveillance is conducted by providing information to local public health departments such as a number of positive cases in schools or communities to identify protocols or improve protocols that will promote the health of the communities. According to Friis and Sellers (2021), a good screening test must be acceptable, simple, rapid, safe, and inexpensive.

Reference

Friis, R.H. & Sellers, T.A. (2021). Epidemiology for public health practice (6th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Oleske, D. M. (2009). Screening and Surveillance for Promoting Population Health. Epidemiology and the Delivery of Health Care Services: Methods and Applications, 131–150. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0164-4_5

The late Jerry Morris articulated the seven uses of epidemiology. The broad overview touches many aspects as it pertains to the health sciences. Epidemiology is a methodology used to find the cause of health outcomes and diseases within populations. Through the use of “The Seven Uses of Epidemiology” we are able to ask some questions in medicine.  According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states and events among a specified population.

Seven Uses of Epidemiology:

1.)   Study history of health populations. 2) Diagnose the health of the community. 3.) Study the effectiveness of health services. 4.) Individual risks on average of diseases 5.) Identify syndromes 6.) Define clinical picture of disease and nature of history 7.) Viewing experiences amongst groups and search for the cause of health and diseases.

Examining 3 out 7 Uses of Epidemiology:

The study of history of health population’s look at the secular trends as it relates to illness that causes mortality that afflict humanity. It has been noted that there has been a shifter from the beginning of modern medicine to present day. Simply chronic conditions have begun to replace acute diseases. In historical study of health, the community and the rise and fall of disease in the population are examined and useful projections into the future are often determined.  The Study of working health services begins by determine the needs, resources, and then proceeds to an analysis of the health service in action. These studies can be comparative between various populations. Lastly, the search for causes of health and disease, looks for discovery amongst groups with high and low rates. Examining the differences in ways of living, and testing notions in actual practice amongst populations. Lastly, observing the individual risk on average of disease is done from the common experience. Looking at the individual’s chance and risk. What makes the susceptible or places at a higher risk of contraction.

References:

 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016, June 17). What is epidemiology? Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved April 27, 2022, from https://www.cdc.gov/careerpaths/k12teacherroadmap/epidemiology.html

 

Friis, R.H. & Sellers, T.A. (2021). Epidemiology for public health practice (6th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Smith, G. D. (2001). The uses of ‘uses of epidemiology’. International Journal of Epidemiology, 30(5), 1146–1155. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/30.5.1146

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The late Jerry Morris articulated the seven uses of epidemiology. The broad overview touches many aspects as it

PUB 540 Discuss three of the seven uses and applications of epidemiology
PUB 540 Discuss three of the seven uses and applications of epidemiology

pertains to the health sciences. Epidemiology is a methodology used to find the cause of health outcomes and diseases within populations. Through the use of “The Seven Uses of Epidemiology” we are able to ask some questions in medicine.  According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states and events among a specified population.

Seven Uses of Epidemiology:

1.)   Study history of health populations. 2) Diagnose the health of the community. 3.) Study the effectiveness of health services. 4.) Individual risks on average of diseases 5.) Identify syndromes 6.) Define clinical picture of disease and nature of history 7.) Viewing experiences amongst groups and search for the cause of health and diseases.

Examining 3 out 7 Uses of Epidemiology:

The study of history of health population’s look at the secular trends as it relates to illness that causes mortality that afflict humanity. It has been noted that there has been a shifter from the beginning of modern medicine to present day. Simply chronic conditions have begun to replace acute diseases. In historical study of health, the community and the rise and fall of disease in the population are examined and useful projections into the future are often determined.  The Study of working health services begins by determine the needs, resources, and then proceeds to an analysis of the health service in action. These studies can be comparative between various populations. Lastly, the search for causes of health and disease, looks for discovery amongst groups with high and low rates. Examining the differences in ways of living, and testing notions in actual practice amongst populations. Lastly, observing the individual risk on average of disease is done from the common experience. Looking at the individual’s chance and risk. What makes the susceptible or places at a higher risk of contraction.

References:

 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016, June 17). What is epidemiology? Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved April 27, 2022, from https://www.cdc.gov/careerpaths/k12teacherroadmap/epidemiology.html

 

Friis, R.H. & Sellers, T.A. (2021). Epidemiology for public health practice (6th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

 

Smith, G. D. (2001). The uses of ‘uses of epidemiology’. International Journal of Epidemiology, 30(5), 1146–1155. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/30.5.1146

The relevance and application of epidemiology cuts across various fields in public health and the delivery of related services to the population. The participatory nature of epidemiology to clinical processes ranges from studying the history of the health of populations from the rise and fall of infections to the changes in the character of the said diseases (Frérot et al., 2018). Often, this study also helps in determining the useful projections of such infections in the future.

Secondly, epidemiology is essential in measuring the real diagnosis in a community as well as the condition of the people (Lau et al., 2019). In this light, measuring cuts across evaluating the dimension and distribution of ill health in relation to prevalence, disability, and mortality rates. Through this approach, health care systems can set priority on defining health problems based on perspective and relative importance, a factor that helps in identifying the most vulnerable population groups requiring special attention. Thirdly, epidemiology helps in estimating the individual risks of disease, accidents, defects, and the approaches to avoiding such (Lau et al., 2019).

On another note, descriptive epidemiology, often explored through the lenses of person, place, and time is usually useful in determining disease predictiveness and possible future trends. Particularly, personal characteristics like diet, age, family disease history and background, and leisure activities predict possible exposures to disease risk factors. Place, on the other hand, relates to the work, residence, and travel patterns of an individual that describe the possible risk of exposure to diseases, including the frequent variance of diseases from country to country or city. Lastly, the time variance helps in determining the surveillance of healthcare systems within the frequency of occurrence of health problems. Examination of frequency, in this case, includes the possible changes of disease patterns within the last decades, number of years, or even number of days. For example, the outbreak of foodborne diseases may sometimes occur in days as opposed to epidemics that surge for several years like polio.

References

Frérot, M., Lefebvre, A., Aho, S., Callier, P., Astruc, K., & Aho Glélé, L. S. (2018). What is epidemiology? Changing Definitions Of Epidemiology 1978-2017. Plos One13(12), e0208442.

Lau, B., Duggal, P., Ehrhardt, S., Armenian, H., Branas, C. C., Colditz, G. A., … & Celentano, D. D. (2020). Perspectives On The Future Of Epidemiology: A Framework For Training. American Journal Of Epidemiology189(7), 634-639.