PUB 550 Describe the difference between quantitative and qualitative methods

PUB 550 Describe the difference between quantitative and qualitative methods

PUB 550 Describe the difference between quantitative and qualitative methods

Quantitative method refers to the investigation of a problem using numeric data with statistical analysis (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2019). It emphasizes the use of accurate measurement of variables such controlled studies. In contrast, qualitative method refers to conducting investigation or research without use of numeric form such as personal interviews (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2019). It usually describes the subject being investigate or the phenomenon being studied.

Qualitative method clarifies the experience of certain individuals under specific circumstances. It can be use in public health when we are seeking information regarding the experience of some people with different health issues or cultures. It also provides support or foundation when creating quantitative research. Quantitative research is used in public health to assess and understand the health of the population affected by health issue or phenomenon. It is usually involves experimental research to determine possible solution to health issues and promote the health of the community being studied.

Reference

Melnyk B.M. & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2019). Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing and Healthcare.

I will be adding some pros and cons between Qualitative and Quantitative. Creative freedom, many interpretations, and flexibility are all possible with the qualitative technique. As new information becomes available, the study project’s focus may shift. Quantitative investigations, on the other hand, are more subjective in their conclusions and interpretation. Because personal bias is challenging to manage, the researcher’s knowledge and viewpoint may have a significant impact on how data are interpreted and conclusions made. Furthermore, qualitative studies frequently utilize a short sample size due to the expenses and time required to obtain qualitative data.

Quantitative studies generate objective data, unlike qualitative research, which are subject to subjectivity. Statistics and figures may explain the results. The use of data processing tools allows quantitative research to be created fast.

However, while the quantitative method’s impartiality is a virtue, it might be considered as a more limited style of research. Participants are unable to customize or contextualize their replies. Statistical analysis also necessitates a big data sample, which necessitates a large group of individuals.

 

Reference:

 

Lissie Hoover. (2021). What Is Qualitative vs. Quantitative Study?. Retrieved from:

https://www.gcu.edu/blog/doctoral-journey/what-qualitative-vs-quantitative-study

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The nature of the targeted outcome is one of the elements that distinguish qualitative research from quantitative

PUB 550 Describe the difference between quantitative and qualitative methods
PUB 550 Describe the difference between quantitative and qualitative methods

studies. Qualitative researchers want to learn from the specifics of the testimony of the people they’re researching, often known as informants.

Quantitative data, on the other hand, is quantitatively evaluated to produce a statistical picture of a trend or link. These statistical findings might provide insight into cause-and-effect linkages. They might either support or refute the initial hypothesis of the investigation.

Because qualitative and quantitative research collect distinct types of information, their data collecting procedures are often diverse. Quantitative research is based on numerical or quantifiable data. Qualitative research, on the other hand, is based on personal narratives or records that show in great detail how individuals think and react in society. One way we can use it in public health is by collecting Age, weight, temperature, and the number of persons with diabetes, all examples of quantitative data.

Example of qualitative data from a health care setting includes (Curry, Nembhard, & Bradley, 2009):

  • Measuring organizational change.
  • Measures of clinical leadership in implementing evidence-based guidelines.
  • Patient perceptions of quality of care.

Reference:

 

Common data types in public health research. National Institutes of Health. Retrieved June 20, 2022, from

https://www.nihlibrary.nih.gov/resources/subject-guides/health-data-resources/common-data-types-public-health-research

 

Lissie Hoover. (2021). What Is Qualitative vs. Quantitative Study?. Retrieved from:

https://www.gcu.edu/blog/doctoral-journey/what-qualitative-vs-quantitative-study

Quantitative studies strategies are designed to collect numerical facts that can be used to measure variables. Quantitative facts is structured and statistical; its effects are objective and conclusive. Qualitative data collects statistics that seeks to describe a topic extra than measure it. This kind of studies measures critiques, perspectives, and attributes vs. difficult numbers that would be offered in a graph or a chart. Quantitative research targets may be to set up the occurrence or occurrence of a fitness problem; the fitness personnel diploma of adherence to a brand new intervention; or, the customers’ level of delight with a provider. Qualitative research ambitions at know-how what exists from social actors’ views.

References

Sechrest, L., & Sidani, S. (1995). Quantitative and qualitative methods:: Is There an Alternative?. Evaluation and program planning18(1), 77-87.

Baum, F. (1995). Researching public health: behind the qualitative-quantitative methodological debate. Social science & medicine40(4), 459-468.

The quantitative method is concerned with the collection and analysis of numerical data and statistics, whereas the qualitative method is concerned with the collection and analysis of non-numerical data such as video, text, and audio. Quantitative methods allow for the testing and confirmation of theories and assumptions as well as the establishment of generalized facts about a specific topic. Whereas qualitative methods allow for the understanding of concepts and experiences as well as the gathering of in-depth insights on topics that are not well understood. In aspects o public health, quantitative research methods are employed to aid in analyzing and describing a population’s health. It is also used to determine the elements that contribute to and impact public health.

Examples of quantitative methods can consist of age, weight, or the number of people suffering from a certain disease, which is reported in numerical data. These can help determine what causes the disease, who is more prone or at higher risk of getting infected by this disease, and where this disease is more prevalent as far as communities, regions, or certain populations.

Some examples of qualitative data that can pertain to public health can include the vast population that is being studied for a certain disease. These data are often reported in a non-numerical form which can be mostly observed rather than being reported in numbers. They can include surveys or questionnaires that are being part of the study in order to gather as much information related to the study. They can also be a descriptive observation of a particular disease that is being studied.

 

References

Corty, E. (2016). Using and interpreting statistics: A practical text for the behavioral, social, and health sciences (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Macmillan Learning.

 

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (n.d.). Common data types in public health research. National Institutes of Health. Retrieved June 20, 2022, from https://www.nihlibrary.nih.gov/resources/subject-guides/health-data-resources/common-data-types-public-health-research 

A quantitative method of research is the process of collecting and analyzing numerical data. It can be used to find patterns and averages, make predictions, test causal relationships, and generalize results to wider populations. You can use quantitative research methods for descriptive, correlational, or experimental research, (National Institutes of Health Library, 2022). Quantitative research is good for repeating the study if needed, results can be compared statistically, data from large sampling can be processed, and hypothesis testing can be done. Quantitative research questions are typically set up so that the answer is numerical or statistical or so that the answer is objective. Typically, this process is automated, and answers can’t be followed by more questions, (National Institutes of Health Library, 2022).

A qualitative method of research is a behavioral research method that relies on non-numerical data derived from observations and recordings that approximate and characterize phenomena. It’s collecting, analyzing, and interpreting non-numerical data, such as language, (Renijith et al., 2021).  It sometimes seeks to understand how an individual subjectively perceives and gives meaning to their social reality. Instead of numbers, qualitative data comes from studying subjects in their natural environment and focusing on understanding the way and how of human behavior in each situation. It’s especially effective in obtaining information about people’s values, opinions, and behaviors. Qualitative research questions are open-ended. The interviewer can react to answers and probe for more detail, (Renijith et al., 2021).

As public health professionals, we can use statistics to critically appraise articles and see if the statements accurately reflect the data. A qualitative research method can be used in public health when collecting data on age, weight, temperature, or the number of people suffering from a chronic disease. Qualitative data can be used in public health to measure organizational change and measures of clinical leadership in implementing evidence-based guidelines and patient perceptions of quality of care.

References

National Institutes of Health Library (2022), Common Data Types in Public Health Research. retrieved from https://www.nihlibrary.nih.gov/resources/subject-guides/health-data-resources/common-data-types-public-health-research.

 

Renjith, V., Yesodharan, R., Noronha, J. A., Ladd, E., & George, A. (2021). Qualitative Methods in Health Care Research. International journal of preventive medicine12, 20. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_321_19